cell organelles

Dasia Arroyo

Plasma or Cell membrane

  • It controls the movement of substances in and out of cells.
  • It is present in both plant and animal cells.
  • The cell membrane is not a solid structure.
  • The cell membrane is made of millions of smaller molecules that create a flexible container.
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Cell wall

  • It provides protected framework.
  • The cell wall is made of cellulose.
  • The cell wall is present in plant cells.
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Cytoplasm

  • cytoplasm is the jelly-like fluid that fills a cell.
  • It is made up of mostly water and salt.
  • cytoplasm holds the internal components of a cell in place.
  • Cytoplasm is found in both animal and plant cells.
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Nucleus

  • Nucleus is a big dark spot in the cell.
  • The nucleus Commands the cell.
  • It contains the genetic material and controls heredity.
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Nuclear Membrane

  • A barrier that separates the contents of the nucleus from the cytoplasm.
  • A double layered membrane surrounding the nucleus.
  • It is found in both plant and animal cells.
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Nucleolus

  • Structure present inside the nucleus.
  • This is where ribosomes are created and synthesized.
  • Both animals and plants cells contain a nucleolus.
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Centrioles

  • Found near the nucleus.
  • Small set of microtubules arranged in a specific way.
  • Centrioles are found in animal cells.
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Chromatin

  • Mass of genetic material composed of DNA and proteins.
  • Chromatin is located in the nucleus of a cell.
  • Chromatin is present in plant cells.
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Ribosomes

  • Ribosomes construct proteins.
  • They are dense structures.
  • Ribosomes are present in plant cells.
  • Ribosomes link amino acids together.
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Golgi apparatus

  • Modifies, sorts and packs the proteins for secretion.
  • Found in most cells.
  • Transports lipids around a cell.
  • Involved in the creation of lysosomes.
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Endoplasmic reticulum

  • Functions as a manufacturing and packaging system.
  • Works with ribosomes and the Golgi apparatus.
  • Convoluted network of membranes.
  • Present in plant and animal cells.
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Mitochondria

  • Act like a digestive system.
  • Burns sugar for fuel.
  • Known as the engine of a cell.
  • Found in animals cells.
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chloroplast

  • Absorb sunlight and use it in conjunction with water and carbon dioxide gas to produce food for the plant.
  • Food producers of the cell.
  • Chloroplasts work to convert light energy of the Sun into sugars that can be used by cells.
  • Present in plant cells.
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Lysosomes

  • Might be used to digest food or break down the cell when it dies.
  • A specialized vesicle that holds a variety of enzymes.
  • Present in animal cells.
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Peroxisomes

  • the breakdown of very long chain fatty acids through beta-oxidation.
  • Contain at least 50 different enzymes.
  • Small vesicles found around the cell.
  • Present in plant cells.
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Vacuole

  • Vacuoles are storage bubbles found in cells.
  • Found in both animal and plant cells but are much larger in plant cells.
  • They are filled with both organic and inorganic molecules.
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Cytoskeleton

  • The cytoskeleton determines the shapes of a cell that does not have a cell wall.
  • The cytoskeleton is a series of intercellular proteins that help a cell with shape, support, and movement.
  • It helps all of the organelles in place.
  • It is present in both plant and animal cells.
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