Sierra Leone

A Decade Long Conflict

Overview:

  • RUF (Revolutionary United Front) fighting government.
  • 1991-2002
  • RUF wants power for themselves.
  • RUF wants to enforce their own, selfish policies.
  • RUF allied with Armed Forces Revolutionary Council.

Classification

  • Liberia and Sierra Leone border was a conflict area- locational boundary dispute.
  • Most battles occurred in north and east.
  • Physical-political Boundary. No changes were discussed, only acceptance of current arrangement was proposed and agreed upon.

Shape

  • Compact country
  • Capital, Freetown, is on west coast.
  • Freetown was major place for colonists to arrive.
  • Many slaves taken at this point, and later returned to this point.
  • Surrounded by enemies. (guinea, Liberia, etc.)
  • Location of capital reduces control over eastern part of country.
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Forces

Centripetal:
  • Want for unification.
  • Want to rid country of poverty.
  • Desire for peace with surrounding States.

Centrifugal:
  • Poverty
  • Corruption in gov.
  • Boundary disputes.
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Type of State

Sierra Leone is a state because has a defined border and land. It is not a nation-state because there is a mixture of West-Africans due to the colonization by Europe. During the Civil War, Sierra Leone could be seen as a multinational-state because of the different groups that were forming. (i.e. the RUF)

Outside Influences:

Personal Opinion - Phillip

  • I think the reason it took so long to resolve the civil war is because when Britain and other European powers withdrew from Africa, they had mixed different nations and tribes that weren't meant to be mixed. Sierra Leone had a resolution brewing, and the RUF finally made the civil war happen.
  • The border countries (i.e Liberia) were also encouraging the war by supplying medicine and weapons to the rebels.

  • The RUF was such a big movement with so many followers, that it took over a decade to quell the resistance.
  • The outcome has already occurred, the resistance was ended and Sierra Leone currently has a functioning government.