WHAT IS ADD/ADHD
History on ADD
ADHD and ADD both refer to the same same condition. The biggest difference is that people with ADHD are hyperactive, they have trouble sitting still and are overly active. Teachers may quickly notice rambunctious behavior, and suspect that there might be attention issues involved. There are 3 different types of ADHD:
- Predominantly inattentive presentation. This referrers to a person that shows enough symptoms of inattention, but Doesn't meet the full criteria for hyperactivity and impassivity. They also Tend to be sluggish and slow to respond and process information, they may be easily distracted and appear forgetful or careless.
- Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive presentation: Occurs when a person has enough symptoms of hyperactivity and impassivity but not enough for inattention.
- Combined presentation: This type is when a person meets the criteria of both inattention and hyperactivity and impassivity.
Inattention symptoms of ADHD include:
- Not paying attention to details
- Making careless mistakes
- Failing to pay attention and keep on task
- Not listening
- Being unable to follow or understand instructions
- Avoiding tasks that involve effort
- Being distracted or forgetful
- Losing things that are needed to complete tasks
Hyperactivity -impulsive symptoms of ADHD includes
- Getting up often when seated
- Running or Climbing at inappropriate times
- Having trouble playing quietly
- Talking excessively or out of turn
Before and After Medication
In this photo the patient was prescribed Adderall. This is a before and after picture of a patient who had ADHD and how Adderall affected their brain.
Adderall is the most commonly prescribed medication for people who have ADHD. All patient must be prescribe a certain dosage from a doctor. Adderall helps increase your attention span making you more focus.
This is how a person with ADHD may feel. Their mind is very hyperactive meaning that their mind is think about many different time at the same things making it hard to focus.
Before and After Medication
There are different types of psychotherapy are used for ADHD. Behavioral Therapy is the most common psychotherapy to treat ADHD. Behavioral Therapy aims to help a patient to change his or her behavior. It might involve exercise such as help organizing task or completing schoolwork or working through emotionally difficult events. Behavioral therapy teaches a child how to monitor/control his or her own behavior. Thearpist may teach children social skills, such as how to wait their turn, share toys ask for help or respond to teasing.
ADHD treatment has typically focused on medications in the past. The medication most commonly prescribed is stimulants. The most popular stimulant medications used for ADHD is Ratlin (methylphenidate) or Adderall ( an amphetamine) are commonly prescribed to patients. These medication activate the brain circuits that support attention and focused behavior therefore reducing hyperactivity and improving their ability to focus, work and learn. Stimulant medications come in different forms such as a pill, capsule, liquid or skin patch. Medication must be prescribed to patients, each patient will respond differently to medications. one patients might have side effects with a certain medication while another patients will not. sometimes several different medications or dosage must be tried before finding one that works for a particular patient. all patient who are on medication must be monitored closely. Some side effects of stimulant medications are
- Decreased in appetite
- Sleep problems
- personality change (appearing "flat" or emotionless)
Life with ADHD
Child Hood Lifestyle
ADHD may not stand out during preschool childhood since this age group there is often children who have high levels of activity and poor concentration. It is difficult to diagnose whether the child has ADHD. when the child in in their primary school age it is more apparent that the child is having difficulties at home or with everyday task (for example: shopping or visiting other family members). 11 percent of american from 7-14 have ADHD. ADHD for young teens may realize a reduction in over activity but inattention, impulsiveness and inner restlessness remain a major difficulties Children with ADHD have very poor sleeping patterns. When the child is diagnose with ADHD the school is informed and may try to work with them in order to prevent academic failure. Children with ADHD will find it extremely hard to stay focus on their task and also may find it difficult to get along with peers. Families who have a child with ADHD may find finical struggles and may have problem getting along with their child.
Some patients can have better control of their disorder while they grow older but some may carry on the same symptoms as they grow older. Adults with ADHD are more likely to be dismissed from employment and have often tried numerous jobs before being able to find one which they can succeed in. they may experience more interpersonal difficulties with employers and colleagues and may have problem with being late and to accomplish expected workload. At home relationship difficulties and break-ups are more common. The risk of drug and substance abuse increase in adults who show consistent ADHD symptoms who have not been receiving medication. patients who have ADHD symptoms commonly improve as they get older, they tend to learn to adapt with the symptoms form Psychotherapy or get prescribe the right medication that works for them.
Adult With ADHD
Adult who suffer from ADHD, may find it hard to get along with their colleagues. They may also find it difficult to find a workplace that they are successful in.
Children With ADHD
Symptoms are the most apparent during this stage. They have problem focusing and performing day to day task. they usually seen as hyperactive or in there own world.
How ADHD affects the family
having a child with ADHD may cause financial issues due to the process of treatment. Siblings who have ADHD tend to get less attention in the family since all their focus is on the child with the disorder. parents relationship with the child may not be the best and may find difficulty on agreeing with each other. People who have ADHD are most likely to carry on the gene to the next generation.