Dialects

A dialect is a regional variation of a language distinguished by distinctive vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation. Dialects are regional variations of languages. American and British dialects differ in vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
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Northern dialects in the US were established and inhabited almost entirely by settlers from England. Two-thirds of the New England colonists were Puritans from East Anglia in southeastern England, and only a few came from north of England. About half of southern came from southeast England, although they represented a diversity of social-class backgrounds, including deported prisoners, indentured servants, and political and religious refugees.
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map of american english dialects
A tour of the British Isles in accents