Causes of the American Revolution
The American Revolution was the series of events and fights from many laws and acts to battles and fights like the Boston Massacre. There are a few social cause of the American Revolution like trading and taxation because lots of that was involved. There were also some British economic policies like taxation because taxation was a big deal and made many colonists mad. I think that the colonists were justified in declaring independence from England because they were building up until the King had ruined their hopes but still they believe in it.
The Navigation Acts were efforts to let the theory of mercantilism into any actual practice. There were a few rules that the colonists had to follow when they traded goods, which they had targeted. For instance, you could only ship items like sugar, indigo, and tobacco within the empire. Another rule would be you can only trade with English or colonial ships and no other ones. The Sugar Act was then brought into this which was a law that you had to get sugar from the Britian West Indies instead of the French West Indies. But the most important impact of the Navigation Acts is the stifling of colonial manufacturing and increasing resentment against the mother country.
The Proclamation of 1763
The Proclamation of 1763 was created after the war The French and Indian War. The Proclamtion of 1763 said that no colonists should cross over the Appalachian Mountains, but the Indians had rights to the land. King George III had issued the Proclamation. The colonist were very angry and unhappy. The reason they were mad is because they wanted to settle there.
The Stamp Act was created because they had to pay off debt after the French and Indian War. The Stamp Act taxed anything that was written on paper. A man named Samuel Adams and the Committees of Correspondence had protested this because they were not happy. They boycotted the Stamp Act because people refused to buy certain goods. Samuel Adams also created the Sons of Liberty which were groups of men protesting the policies and may used violence. This got out of hand and so a congress of 9 colonies met in New York to discuss the taxes. The Stamp Act of Congress discussed that only colonial governments should tax the colonies. King George later repealed this but then approved the Declaratory Act which the Parliament had full authority over legislation in the colonies.
Because of the Stamp Act, Britain sent more troops to the colonies and established the Quartering Act for political and social problems. The Quartering Act was an act that made the colonists quarter (feed or house) the soldiers if they ever come to their house and decide to stay there. Colonists had some issues though. Colonists did not like the idea of the soldiers barging in without a warrant which annoyed them. Also, the colonists thought that housing for the soldiers was expensive like food and other things. The British soldiers even began taking jobs with lower wages which made colonists angrier and created more tension between them.
The Townshend Acts was a law that made colonists pay taxes on imported tea, paper, glass, and other things to pay for military costs due to Quartering Act. The Daughters of Liberty were a group of women who protested by making their own things like cloths instead of buying them. But by 1770, they repealed most of the items except tea because the British still wanted that power. Anger got worse and the Sons of Liberty continued to use violence. Therefore, there were more British troops sent to protect the officials.
Even more anger grew between the soldiers and the colonists. Because of this, a group of soldiers were attacked by a group of colonists who started shouting a throwing snowballs. As the crowd got angrier more soldiers came and soon there were shots fired. This led to a big fight now called the Boston Massacre which was on March 5, 1770. Samuel Adams thought this was more of a propaganda and shared the news with all the colonists. But his cousin, John Adams, chose to represent the soldiers in a trial to show the colonists value the right to trail by Jury for all the citizens.
Tea Act & Boston Tea Party
The Tea Act was a rule that only the British East India Company (BEIC) is the only company allowed to sell tea to any of the other colonies. The Tea price was actually lowered but colonists were still not happy because hey still had to pay taxes to Britain. They refused to unload the tea and not sell it to the colonies. The Daughters of Liberty helped by boycotting by making their own tea. On December 16, 1773. The Sons of Liberty disguised themselves as American Indians and boarded the ships. They then got hold of the tea and dumped about 342 crates of British tea in the Boston Harbor. This was then called the Boston Tea Party.
The Parliament passed laws called the Coercive Acts which were acts that tried to make the colonists pay for tea and keep them from panning more attacks. The colonists had called this the Intolerable Acts because they thought they were harsh. The act had stopped all the trade between Boston and Britain, didn't allow any town meetings, gave Britain control of the colony, and even strengthened the Quartering Act. The colonists weren't happy and had been stirred revolutionary spirit throughout the colonies.