Samba Fact Sheet

By: Martha and Ylisse

Introduction

Please go to the video in the bottom and play it as you read joyously. We assure you that it will relax you much more.

WHEN AND WHERE IT BEGAN

Samba formed in Rio de jainero in the early 20th century during the slave trade in South America. Soon, it developed around South America. But, early styles of samba were created int eh 17th Century.

WHERE AND WHY THE MUSIC IS PERFORMED

This type music is usually perfored in different places of South America. Why people perform this music so people can spread their emotions, feelings and what they have to say. It normally revolves around the "malandro", the black hustler, women and their secret affairs.

INSTRUMENTS

Samba Instruments include:

- Tambourims

- Snare Drums

- Agogo Bells

- Surdos

- Repinique

- Reco - Reco

and

- Cavaco

STYLE, BEAT AND RYTHM

Samba is danced and performed to music with a tempo of about 100 beats per minute. The rhythm is regularlly fast and upbeat in all performances.

FAMOUS ERFORERS AND MUSICIANS

Such performers include:

- Jorge Ben

- Marissa Monte

- Roberto Carlos

- Gilberto Gil

- Elis Regina

- Joao Gilberto

- Caetano Veloso

and

- Antonio Carlos Jobim

SAMBA SCHOOLS

Samba Schools started in 1928 after samba was invented. Samba schools are social clubs that represent the Rio Carnival.

Other Cultural Influence

We believe that a example of a cultural influence was when the Africans introduced Brazil to Samba music. The Catholics were the ones that started the carnival in Brazil, celebrating the new King and Queen of Congo. The celebration turned into a carnival.