Cause: As you you swim to the surface nitrogen is dissolved into your blood. If you go to quickly it separates out of your blood and forms bubbles in your blood.
Side Effects: fatigue and numbness
Long Term: Joint pain
Treatment: Use of a hyperbolic oxygen chamber
Gas laws involved: Henry's law... solubility of the gas is directly linked to pressure.
Cause: Nitrogen dissolved in the blood and tissues by high pressure forms bubbles as pressure decreases.
Side Effects: Fatigue, Joint pain, numbness, and shortness of breath
Long Term: Heart defects, dehydration, and obesity
Treatment: Decompression therapy, 80% of people recover completely
Gas laws involved: Boyle's Law... When pressure decreases the gas expands.
Side Effects: Starts with irritation in the throat, a mild cough develops. If the person is still exposed to oxygen then they with notice chest tightness, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath.
Long Term: If the exposure is continued long enough then the person will die from lack of oxygen.
Gas laws involved: Boyle's law... As the pressure increases the volume decreases
"Gas Laws." : Dalton's Law. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2016.
"Oxygen Toxicity - Signs and Symptoms | Dive Rite." Dive Rite. N.p., 11 Jan. 2016. Web. 05 Apr. 2016.