Puerto Rico immigrants

By: Alex Andrade & Ruth Martinez

When did the group came to the United States?

After the end of the Second World War, however, Puerto Rican migration exploded. In 1945, there had been 13,000 Puerto Ricans in New York City; in 1946 there were more than 50,000.

Why did the group came to the United States?

The continuing depression in Puerto Rico made many Puerto Ricans eager for a fresh start, and U.S. factory owners and employment agencies had begun recruiting heavily on the island.

How the group got to the United States?

They were migrating on boats to the U.S.

What US immigration laws or policies were in effect at the time of the group's migration?

Its people have been U.S. citizens since 1917, but they have no vote in Congress. As citizens, the people of Puerto Rico can move throughout the 50 states just as any other Americans can—legally, this is considered internal migration, not immigration.

How many members of their group came to the United States?

Over the next decade, more than 25,000 Puerto Ricans would come to the continental U.S. each year, peaking in 1953, when more than 69,000 came. By 1955, nearly 700,000 Puerto Ricans had arrived. By the mid-1960s, more than a million had.

How the United States' population received and/or treated the group?

many migrants struggled with poverty, unemployment, and racial discrimination in their new home. Darker-skinned Puerto Ricans often found themselves excluded from jobs, education, and housing, and were frequently attacked by non-Puerto Rican street gangs.

Where the group settled?

since the 1930s, the capital of Puerto Rican culture in the mainland U.S. has been New York City.

Jobs the group typically found?

staffing the hospitals, the hotels, the garment factories, and the police departments of their new hometown, and they soon became a significant force in the city’s political and cultural life.

Contributions the group made to the United States and its culture?

In addition, the postwar years saw the return home of thousands of Puerto Rican war veterans, whose service in the U.S. military had shown them the world. But perhaps the most significant cause was the sudden availability of affordable air travel. Puerto Rican migration became the first great airborne migration in U.S. history.

Influence the group had on their homelands as a result of its migration?

to have a better life and a fresh start