Middle Colonies

Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York

Deleware

  • Founding - Founded by Peter Minuit and the New Sweden Company in 1638
  • Economy - Relied on cash crops such as, indigo, grain, and rice. Had a thriving lumber industry and also built ships
  • Government - Proprietary
  • Population - 58,094 people (1790)
  • Native Americans - Nanticoke, Lenni Lanape
  • Religion - Had a wide variety of religions
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Pennsylvannia

  • Founding - Founded by William Penn in 1682
  • Economy - A mixed economy. Cash crops such as, wheat, corn, cattle, and dairy. There was also shipbuilding, textile, and paper making
  • Government - Proprietary
  • Population - 434,373 people (1790)
  • Native Americans - Shawnee, Seneca
  • Religion - Had a wide variety of religions
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New Jersey

  • Founding - Founded by Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret in 1664
  • Economy - Centered around agriculture, mainly livestock and also manufactured iron
  • Government - Royal
  • Population - 184,139 people (1790)
  • Native Americans - Lenni Lanape
  • Religion - Had a wide variety of religions
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New York

  • Founding - Founded by the Duke of York in 1664
  • Economy - Made up of agriculture and manufacturing. Cash crops such as, cattle, grain, rice, indigo, and wheat. Also centered around ship building and iron works
  • Government - Royal
  • Population - 340,120 people (1790)
  • Native Americans - Iroquois, Algonquian
  • Religion - Had a wide variety of religions
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