The New England colonies

Bilal, Eric, Jenna, Kody, & Matt

Why was this colony founded?

  • The primary motivation for the New England and Middle Colonies establishments was religious freedom; everyone was accepted— no matter what religion.
  • Few were looking for money, which was a bigger motivation for those in the Middle Colonies and Southern Colonies.
  • Founders of the Southern Colonies were out to make money by working on a plantation with their family and making money in the American Market.

What role did religion play?

  • People in the New England Colonies came seeking religious freedom.

Without this, who would have come to the New World?

  • The population, as all populations, develops an area.
  • European countries were intolerant of religions other than the religion accepted by the government.
  • Churches in American colonies were gathering places; they had church and town meetings, and was held for other services as well.
  • It became a multipurpose building in the center of the town area.
  • The majority of New England was strictly Puritan.

What were the economic conditions?

  • The economy was largely farming and fishing communities.
  • Food was grown, and clothes and shoes were made.
  • Main crops like wheat and corn grew and some were sent to England because of the exorbitant amount.
  • Foods not growing in America was shipped from England, most likely from Boston—the major New England port.

Rhode Island

  • Founded by Roger Williams in 1636


  • Founded by Thomas Hooker in 1636


  • Founded by John Winthrop in 1630

New Hampshire

  • Founded by John Wheelwright in 1638
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What were the geographical characteristics?

  • Rhode Island- 1,545 square miles, making it the smallest state. 500 of which is water, has sandy beaches, lagoons, and rocky land along the coastline, cold winters; monthly average low temperature is 20 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Massachusetts- Has 5 rivers—the Charles River, Connecticut River, Hoosic River, Housatonic River, and Merrimack River, has a jagged indented coast from Rhode island to Cape Cod, fertile land with a thick pasture.
  • Connecticut- fertile land with a thick pasture, mostly hills with rocky soil, highest point is Mount Frissell at 2,380 feet above sea level.
  • New Hampshire- Has rugged mountains, blue lakes, and sandy lakes and ocean beaches, contained within the Appalachian Highlands, average monthly low temperature is 9 degrees Fahrenheit, making New Hampshire very cold.

Other facts?

  • People of the New England villages were close.
  • New England Colonists fished for whale rather than whales because whale oil was valuable.
  • Farms needed many people to help so families would manage farms together.
  • The cold weather made it the hardest colony to farm in.
  • Schools were set to teach Christianity, and later Latin schools were made to teach Latin and math.