CHEMICALS USED BY FRANCE

By: Diana Varela, Jaylyn Guzman, and Kevin Nunez

Tear Gases

Ethylyl Bromoacetate, Chloroacetone, & Xylyl Bromide

France mainly used three tear gases; Ethyl Bromoacetate, Chloroacetate, and Xylyl Bromide. These tear gases were used for the first time in August 1914, the French forces had used tear gas grenades against Germany. Tear gases irritate mucous membranes in the eyes, mouth, throat and lungs, leading to crying, coughing, breathing difficulties, and temporary blindness. Both Ethyl Bromoacetate and Chloroacetone are colourless to light yellow liquids with a fruity, strong smell. While Xylyl Bromide is a colourless liquid with a pleasant, aromatic odour.

Mustard Gas

Mustard gas is colourless and odourless. Mustard gas attacks the skin, eyes, and lungs irritation also gastrointestinal tract. This chemical was first used by the French basically, during the same time as when they started to use tear gases in the first month of

war, August 1914.

CHLORINE

Chlorine is a yellow-green gas with a strong bleach-like odour. This chemical causes coughing, vomiting, and irritation to the eyes. Chlorine was also used in the year 1914 during the first month of war.
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