All About Stress

What is Stress?

Stress - A state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or very demanding circumstances. (Oxford Dictionary)

Signs and Symptoms

Increased blood pressure, increased heart rate, sweating, low energy, headaches, upset stomach, insomnia, tense muscles, fatigue, and drastic change in weight.

Primary Prevention

Primary prevention is to reduce and control stressful situations. Before stress occurs it is important to determine the source causing stress and determine preventative measures. Best practices in preventing stress include flexible schedules, improved working conditions, stop and think about the situation, and deep breaths.

Secondary Prevention

Secondary prevention is initiated after a patient is undergone stress. Secondary prevention techniques include relaxation, diet and excercise, and other activities which help promote optimal health.

Tertiary Prevention

Tertiary prevention is on going and interventions need to be put in place to reduce stress levels and anxiety. Some tertiary preventions include therapy sessions, and medicinal therapies.

Stress Management Techniques

Writing, listening to music, exercising, playing a sport, watching a movie, yoga, guided imagery, painting/drawing, getting a massage, breathing excercise, acupuncture, progressive muscle relaxation, and meditation.

Defense Mechanisms

Compensation- emphasizing strength in one area compared to another. "Not being able to sing but you're good at making people laugh."

Reaction Formation- turning bad thoughts, feelings, or actions into something good.

Denial- refusal to accept reality, an event good/bad, thought or feeling did not exist.

Displacement- taking thoughts/feelings that you have for someone, and putting those thoughts/feelings toward someone else.

Regression- Going back to doing things that someone once did at a younger age such as wetting the bed, staying in bed all day long, sucking their thumb, or biting nails.

Repression- unconsciously blocking memories, thoughts, feelings.

Projection- putting ones own thoughts and feelings onto someone else.

Rationalization- making excuses

Undoing- someone trying to fix something that they had messed up.