What is Migration?
Migration is the movement of people from one place to another for the purpose of taking up permanent residence. People can either choose to move or be forced to move.
Migration occurs at a variety of scales: intercontinental (between continents),
intracontinental (between countries on a given continent), and interregional (within
countries). One of the most significant migration patterns has been rural to urban
migration—the movement of people from the countryside to cities in search of opportunities.
Why do people migrate?
Migration in Africa
Thousands of African migrants and refugees are fleeing war, repression and poverty have long struggled to enter European borders, enduring dangerous journeys across the Mediterranean Sea without any guarantee of being accepted upon reaching Europe's shores. Now, in the wake of deadly terrorist attacks, Africans coming to Europe could face even greater scrutiny.
Types of Migration
- Internal Migration: Moving to a new home within a state, country, or continent
- External Migration: Moving to a new home in a different state, country, or continent
- Emigration: Leaving a country to move to another (e.g: pilgrims emigrated from England)
- Immigration: Moving to a new country (e.g: pilgrims emigrated to Spain)
- Population Transfer: When a government forces a large group of people out of a region
- Impelled Migration: (also called "imposed" migration) When individuals are not forced out of their country, but leave because of unfavorable situations (such as warfare, political problems or religious persecution)
- Chain Migration: a series of migrations within a family or defined group of people. A chain migration often begins with one family member who sends money to bring other family members to a new location. Chain migration results in migration fields-the clustering of people from a specific region into a certain place