Australia in WWll

BY Shanaya Fullgrabe

Australias Involvement

After Australia was considered as an independent country, they wanted to prove that they didn't have to rely on Britain like they had grown to do, so they decided to get involved in the first World War. Even though Australia lost a lot of lives of many great men, they had proven to other countries that they can fight for their people and country. Australia was now known as courageous. Australia had to involve themselves in World War ll because if Britain was defeated then Australia would have been stripped of their independence.


In 1942, the Australian troops were travelling through Kokoda when the Japanese Air Forces decided to attack and it was the biggest battle that Australia has ever fought. 625 Australians were killed and over 1000 were wounded. Their endurance in tough situations exemplified the ANZAC spirit and saved countless lives. Kokoda was important because the whole battle made Japan and Australia become closer.
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Thai-Burma Railway

The railway was built to link Japan with Burma. Its purpose was to supply the Japanese forces that were in Burma with supplies. More than 22,000 Australian men and women were captured by Japan and left to rot in this railway. Many died of starvation and disease.

The shock of all the losses of these Australians affected families and communities, so everyone came together to remember their losses and made the ANZAC legend to remember them in honour.

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Wartime Government Controls

There were many different types of controls used during World War II, including-
-Conscription control- Sending people to war, and forcing them to be a part of the war effort.
-Manpower control- Choosing where people could work and sending them to certain type of work force.

-Rationing control- Saying people could only buy a certain amount of flour or sugar, to preserve what was available.

-Censorship control- choosing what can be published in newspapers, and sent to people through mail.

They affected Australia in many different ways but some are:- The loss of Christmas and New Years for a while, Blackouts and prosecution of about 1000 conscientious objectors, and the imprisoning of some of them.

Changes For Women

Women dealt with many of the consequences of war. Managing children and family responsibilities alone, small amounts of resources and their fears for the future of the grief and trauma of losing loved ones. Many women were also involved as nurses and in other service duties. Other Australian women were also closely connected with war through male relatives and friends away on military service. In World War II, women were recruited into jobs that had always been the jobs for the men, including: working in factories and shipyards, working as members of the Women's Land Army and as Official War Artists.

The Australian women's involvement in World War ll changed the way that men looked at the way women can work and hat they can do. This changed the future because now many women are allowed in the war and they can even fight just like the men do.

The legacy was that women realised that they didnt need men to get on with their lives and they could run the country by themselves. That is when they realised that they didnt want to be treated like "sub-humans" anymore and made up a campaign for their equal rights to what the men had.