Antisocial Personality Disorder

What is Antisocial Personality Disorder?

Antisocial personality disorder is a chronic mental condition in which a person's ways of thinking, perceiving Situations and Relating to others is dysfunctional and destructive. People with antisocial personality disorder often have no regard for right and wrong typically disregarding the rights, wishes and feeling of others. These people often tend to antagonize, manipulate or treat others either harshly or with callous indifference. They may often disobey the law, landing in trouble, yet show no guilt or regret. They may act violently and impulsively, and have problems with drugs and alcohol (Clinic staff, 2013). This personality disorder can effect one's lifestyle, family and their community.

What are the symptoms?

Antisocial personality disorder signs and symptoms may include (clinic staff, 2013):

- Disregard for right and wrong

- Consistent lies to exploit others

- Using charm to manipulate others for personal gain or for pleasure

- intense ego centrism

- difficulties with society and law

- poor or abusive relationships

- failure to learn from past mistakes


Although considered a lifelong disorder, some symptoms such as use of alcohol and drugs, may decrease over time, but it is not clear whether this is a result of aging or an increased awareness of the consequences of antisocial behavior.

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What are the causes?

A personality is the combination of thoughts, emotions and behaviors that makes everyone different. It's the way people see, understand and relate to the outside world as well as how they perceive themselves. Personality forms during childhood, shaped through an interaction through the environment and genetics (clinic staff, 2013).


Environment: This means the surroundings of a person grows up in, events that happened, and personal interactions with family members and others. It includes life situations as the type of parenting a person experienced, whether loving or abusive .


Genetics: These inherited tendencies are aspects of a person's personality passed on by parents, such as shyness or having a positive outlook. This is sometimes called temperament.


Personality disorders are thought to be caused by combinations of these genetic and environmental influences. Some people may have genes that make them vulnerable to developing antisocial personality disorder and life situations may trigger its development (Clinic staff, 2013). There also might be a early lack of empathy, understanding the perspectives and problems of others, including other children, and later onset of antisocial personality disorder. Identifying these personality problems early may help improve long-term outcomes.

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Who is affected?

Although anyone can be affected with antisocial personality disorder, Lee McRae College suggests that about 2.5 to 3.5 percent of people have antisocial personality disorder. The disorder is much more common in men than women.(Kivi, 2012).
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How is Antisocial personality disorder treated?

Doctors will try a combination of psychotherapy and medication. However, it is hard to assess how effective the available treatments are in dealing with this specific disorder.


Psychotherapy:

Doctors may recommend different types of psychotherapy based on the situation. Cognitive behavioral therapy can help reveal negative thoughts and behaviors and teach ways of replacing them with positive ones. Psycho dynamic psychotherapy can increase awareness of negative, unconscious thoughts and behaviors, so the person can change them(Kivi 2012).


Medications:

No medications are specifically approved for the treatment of antisocial personality disorder. However, doctors may prescribe:

- antidepressants

- mood stabilizers

- anti-anxiety medications

- anti-psychotic medications

Doctors may also recommend a stay in a mental health hospital where intensive treatment can be given (Kivi, 2012)

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Impact of Antisocial personality disorder lifestyle

The effects of antisocial personality disorder can be debilitating if not treated. The individual with this disorder may undergo these physical effects (Ekms, 2013) :

-Accidents that can result in injury or death

-Bodily damage due to aggressiveness

-Suicidal behavior

-Risky sexual behavior

-Insomnia

-Alcohol or drug abuse


Psychological effects: Antisocial personality disorder involves possible psychological disturbances that can alter your mental health, particularly it it is left untreated. Some of the psychological effects that may be experienced include (Ekms, 2013):

- Maniac episodes

- Mood instability

- Severe depression

- Emotional outbursts

- Anxiety or panic attacks

- Suicidal idealizations


Antisocial personality disorder will impacts your ability to relate to others socially. Effects of antisocial personality disorder on one's social life include:

- Damaged relationships with family due to destructive behaviors

- Inability to maintain healthy relationships

- Isolation

- Decreased performance in school or work place

- Martial of familial conflicts

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Treatment

1) Dr.Sandra R.Palef

Contact info:

416-927-7342

spalef@torontopsychoanalyst.com

1200 Bay Street, Suite 603

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

2) Lesley Timbol

Contact info:

201 City centre Drive, Suite 404

Mississauga, Ontario

L5B 2T4

416-805-6155

info@timbol.ca

Works Cite

1)"Antisocial Personality Disorder." - Mayo Clinic. Web. 13 Dec. 2015.


2)"Antisocial Personality Disorder." Healthline. Web. 13 Dec. 2015.


3)"Addiction Hope." Addiction Hope. Ed. Jacquelyn Ekem. 15 Apr. 2013. Web. 13 Dec. 2015.