Environment

1990-1999

April 22, 1990-Clean Air Act

The act described the responsibilities of the Environmental Protection Agency in order to protect and improve the nation's air quality and the ozone layer.


To the right is the Environmental Protection Agency Logo.

November 5, 1990- Pollution Prevention Act

This act focused attention on reducing pollution with changes in production, operation materials, and raw material use. It also increased the efficiency in the use of water, energy and natural resources.

"It wasn't the Exxon Valdez captain's driving that caused the Alaskan oil spill. It was yours."

- by Greenpeace advertisement, New York Times, 25 February 1990

March 24, 1989- Exxon Valdez Oil Spill and Clean Up

An oil tanker, Exxon Valdez ran aground Bligh Reef, spilling 11 million gallons of oil on to 1300 miles of coastline. This spill caused many seabirds, fish and animals to die immediately. This impacted the fishing community, resulting in a loss of income and shortage of work. This spill is seen as one of the worst human-caused marine environmental disasters, because of the lasting environmental damage that it caused.

August 1990- Oil Pollution Act

This act was made in response to the Exxon Valdez Oil spill in 1989. Americans did not want such disaster to happen again. Therefore through such act, they improved the ability to prevent and respond to oil spills, by giving money and resources. This addressed the concerns of American people and their worries towards the environment.

June 17, 1992- Energy Star Program

The EPA and U.S. Department of Energy join together to make Energy Star, a program to give Americans access to low-cost, yet energy efficient products and protect the environment at the same time. This showed the government getting actively involved in the green movement.


To the right is the Energy Star Program logo and now found on many Energy Star Appliances

1992-2005- Earth Liberation Front (ELF)

A group of radical environmentalists, who wanted to inflict arson or economic damage on people who benefit from the destruction of the natural environment. These acts of eco-terroism scared Americans because the radicalists believed their actions to be non-violent because no human or animal was harmed. This group showed the far radicalist ideas of the time period.


To the left is a picture of one of their attacks. They committed arson on a Colorado Ski Resort, because the resort gained money from what they believed to be the destruction of nature.

June 30,1994- Brownfields Program

This was launched by the EPA to clean up deserted areas to restore them to maximum use. This program showed that Americans were trying to utilize the land they were given and cherish it, by cleaning up areas and restoring them.

Overview On the Environment during the 1990's

The 1990's consisted of many groups, such as the U.N. and the federal government, trying to work towards a common goal. They all wanted to find ways to save the earth from pollution and industrial waste. They worked to set goals to preserve the earth and its riches. Some groups were radicalists such as the ELF, but still had the same mind set, to protect the environment. The 1990's were made up of attempts and acts passed to help the environment and preserve it. Americans had finally realized that the earth was exhaustible and they needed to stop the people who were causing it harm.