CELLS

By: Chase Brosel

ORGANELLES

A specialized cell structure (a cell organ).

BODY ORGANIZATION FOR SIMPLEST TO MOST COMPLEX

Cells-Tissues-Organs-Organ Systems-Organisms


Cell- Are the basic unit of structure and function in living things.


Tissues- Made up of cells that are similar in structure and function and which work together to perform a activity. Humans have four tissues: connective, muscle, and nerve.

Organs- Made up of tissues that work together to perform a specific activity, heart, brain, skin.

Organ Systems- Groups of two or more tissues that work together to perform a function for the organism. The Human body has 11 organ systems - circulatory, digestive, endocrine, excretory, immune, integumentary, muscular, nervous, reproductive, respiratory, and skeletal.

Organisms-

Entire living things that can carry out all basic life processes. They can take in materials, release energy from food, release wastes, grow, respond to the environment, and reproduce.

mitochondria

Lets energy in the the cell from the sun.

rough endoplasmic reticulum

They are for storage.

ribosomes

They make proteins to help the cell.

smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Makes fat for your body.

chloroplast

Makes glucose, it what makes the plant green.

golgi apparatus

releases concentrate protein.

golgi body

Protein enters the cytoplasm.

cytoplasm

Where a liquid hold every thing in place.

glycoprotein

sugar attached to proteins as one. Like a chain

glycolipids

lipids attached to proteins as one.

cisternae

stacked membrane folds

liposome

A small membrane, transport vesicles.

peroxisome

Found in the animal cell.

glyoxysome

microbodies found in plant cells

centrioles

For cellular reproduction.

cytoskeleton

Supports structure and helps move proteins.

lysosomes

Contains enzymes helps digestion

cilia

They are hair like structures.

flagellum

Is the Tail.

Contractile vacuole

Pumps water out of cell.

red blood cells

Carries oxygen.

vesicle

Moves protein.

nuclear envelope

Surrounds the nucleus.

vacuole

Contains food or water

cell membrane

Separates the cell from the environment. Lets good thing in and Bad out.

microtubules

Provide internal support for the cell.

nucleus

controls all the other ORGANELLES

nucleolus

Site of ribosome.

chromatin

Like mass of DNA.

skeletal

Tissues attached to a bone.

cardiac

tissues at the heart

prokaryotic

Has no nuclear membrane.

Eukaryotic

Any organism having as its structural unit a cell type that contains organelles in the cytoplasm.