Part of the First Two-Party System
-Wanted to emphasize states rights
-Had a "strict" interpretation of the Constitution
-Had more of a preference for agriculture and rural life
-More strength in the south and west
-Had a foreign policy that sympathized with France
-Pressed civil liberates and trust in the people
Part of the Second Two-Party System
-High hopes for the future
-Gave the Americans hope
-Wanted to promote economic growth through the federal and state governments
-Advocated reforms such as temperance and public schools, and prison reform
-Mainly entrepreneurs who favored industry, urban growth, and free labor
-Were against the Mexican War, and favored gradual territorial expansion
-Believed internal growth would make progress
-Their ideology of urbanization, industrialization, federal rights, and commercial expansion was favored in the North
Mid-19th Century Political Crisis
-Against expanding slavery in the territories
-Martin Van Buren was their candidate in 1848
-Lost 50% of their support when he repudiated the Compromise of 1850
-Based on immigration and temperance
*Had more democratic views in the earlier times but later became fully republican*
-Formed in opposition to the Kansas-Nebraska Bill
-Free labor and against expansion of slavery in the territories
-Found slavery morally wrong but constitutional
-John C Fremount was the first Republican candidate.
The Election of 1860
-Against Slavery, favored the homestead act, a protective tariff, and transportation improvements
-Agreed states have the right to control their own "domestic institutions"
Politics of the Gilded Age
-Against economic radicalism or reform
-"sound currency" & Stats quo in the financial system
-Dominated in the senate
The Political Legacy of the New Deal
-"Liberal" democrats who favored gradual socialism, the abolition of racial segregation, and a bad attitude towards Russia
-Henry A. Wallace for President
Post-World War Two Politics
-Promise to end the Korean War
Nixon's New Federalism
-Against war in Vietnam
-Run Nixon for President; "Silent Majority"
-Nixon proposed cutting back federal power and returning it to the states; New Federalism
Reagan and the "New Right"
-Composed of mainly southern states
-Formed a "New Right" supporting Reagan on a "law and order" platform:
*Stricter laws against crimes, drugs, and pornography
*against easy access abortions
*against increase in defense spending
*cut in taxes
Comparing Views on Five Topics
Democrats VS. Republicans
Want gun control, so that there will be less harmful events that occur from owning guns.
Want the freedom to own a gun and carry it, in order to be able to protect themselves.
Pro-choice; because they believe it is a choice for the women, her family, and her doctor. No other opinions should matter.
Pro-life; because they believe that it is murder and that a life created should be kept alive at all cost.
Strongly support healthcare, especially government involvement in healthcare like obamacare.
Think private companies can provide healthcare better then the government can. Oppose Obamacare.
Support overall, but some still disagree.
Do not support, but some still disagree.
Believe we should decrease spending.
Believe we should increase spending.