The evolution

Part of the First Two-Party System

1780s-1801 Republicans

-Wanted to emphasize states rights

-Had a "strict" interpretation of the Constitution

-Had more of a preference for agriculture and rural life

-More strength in the south and west

-Had a foreign policy that sympathized with France

-Pressed civil liberates and trust in the people

Part of the Second Two-Party System

1836-1850 Whigs (Republican party)

-Practiced modernization

-High hopes for the future

-Gave the Americans hope

-Wanted to promote economic growth through the federal and state governments

-Advocated reforms such as temperance and public schools, and prison reform

-Mainly entrepreneurs who favored industry, urban growth, and free labor

-Were against the Mexican War, and favored gradual territorial expansion

-Believed internal growth would make progress

-Their ideology of urbanization, industrialization, federal rights, and commercial expansion was favored in the North

Mid-19th Century Political Crisis

Free-Soil Party

-Against expanding slavery in the territories

-Martin Van Buren was their candidate in 1848

-Lost 50% of their support when he repudiated the Compromise of 1850

American Party

-"Know-Nothing" party

-Based on immigration and temperance

*Had more democratic views in the earlier times but later became fully republican*

Republican Party

-Formed in opposition to the Kansas-Nebraska Bill

-Free labor and against expansion of slavery in the territories

-Found slavery morally wrong but constitutional

-John C Fremount was the first Republican candidate.

The Election of 1860


-Against Slavery, favored the homestead act, a protective tariff, and transportation improvements

-Agreed states have the right to control their own "domestic institutions"

-Abraham Lincoln

Politics of the Gilded Age



-Against economic radicalism or reform

-"sound currency" & Stats quo in the financial system

-Dominated in the senate

The Political Legacy of the New Deal

Progressive Party

-"Liberal" democrats who favored gradual socialism, the abolition of racial segregation, and a bad attitude towards Russia

-Henry A. Wallace for President

Post-World War Two Politics



-Promise to end the Korean War

Nixon's New Federalism


-Against war in Vietnam

-Run Nixon for President; "Silent Majority"

-Nixon proposed cutting back federal power and returning it to the states; New Federalism

Reagan and the "New Right"


-Composed of mainly southern states

-Formed a "New Right" supporting Reagan on a "law and order" platform:

*Stricter laws against crimes, drugs, and pornography

*against easy access abortions

*against increase in defense spending

*cut in taxes

Comparing Views on Five Topics

Democrats VS. Republicans

Gun Control

Want gun control, so that there will be less harmful events that occur from owning guns.

Want the freedom to own a gun and carry it, in order to be able to protect themselves.


Pro-choice; because they believe it is a choice for the women, her family, and her doctor. No other opinions should matter.

Pro-life; because they believe that it is murder and that a life created should be kept alive at all cost.


Strongly support healthcare, especially government involvement in healthcare like obamacare.

Think private companies can provide healthcare better then the government can. Oppose Obamacare.

Gay Marriage

Support overall, but some still disagree.

Do not support, but some still disagree.

Military Spending

Believe we should decrease spending.

Believe we should increase spending.