By J.R.R. Tolkien
"There is a lot more in him than you guess, and a deal more than he has any idea of himself." - Gandalf
The story was originally intended for children, and is in the form of a picture book
The Hobbit (1977)
The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012)
Live-action film rendition of chapters 1-6
"'Never laugh at live dragons, Bilbo you fool!' he said to himself, and it became a favorite saying of his later, and passed into a proverb." - J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, Ch. 1
Bilbo’s development into a hero, which more broadly represents the development of a common person into a hero. At the beginning of the story
The differences among Tolkien’s imaginary races are a major focus of the novel, particularly in its second half. The notion of races having different moral qualities is reflected in the novel’s idea of nature. The good races are portrayed as being in harmony with nature, while the evil races are depicted as being at odds with it.
Lineage & Character
Family lineage is another important factor; one’s prospects, character, and social position are linked closely to family heritage. Race is primarily a determinant of one’s moral standing, but family has more to do with one’s specific personality.
Contrasting world views
A major source of inspiration for The Hobbit’s plot was the body of ancient epic literature that Tolkien studied, particularly Scandinavian and Anglo-Saxon epics like Beowulf. Elements of the story originate from literature, including the form of the heroic quest, the dragon’s treasure hoard, the importance of named swords, the elves’ mysterious magic, and the grim focus on birthright and family lineage.
Throughout epic literature, swords with names and lineages are the marks of great heroes. Also Tolkien himself acknowledged that the nature of hobbits was based on the rural, middle-class English people like the ones he grew up with.