2nd Industrial Revolution

Seth Baker

Work Life of the Rich

Work life for wealthy people consist of owning businesses and monopolizing industries. They were eventually labeled Robber Baron or Captain of Industry. In the picture is Carnegie Steel Company.

Work Life for the Poor

Work life for the lower class consisted of long, hard, extensive labor. They were paid low wages and endured dangerous, unhealthy working conditions.

Work Life Analysis

Vanderbilt, Rockefeller, Carnegie, and Morgan are just 4 of the wealthy people that came into power during the 2nd Industrial Revolution. Many of them were considered Robber Barons due to enforcing long work hours, terrible working conditions, and ruthless methods into eliminating competition. The main goal in life for them was to gain power and make as much profit as possible even if it meant hurting other people. The lower class on the other hand suffered from diseases, were injured or died, and they were paid unfairly low wages. Women, children, and immigrants were paid even lower than a normal wage due to the low demand for jobs and the high supply of unskilled workers. This means if a worker didn't like their working conditions they could either suck it up or their boss would fire them and move on to the next employee. There would soon be different laws and other things established in the future to help improve these conditions. One event that would help better working conditions is the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire.

Housing of the Rich

Rich people lived in big, luxurious houses that included multiple bedrooms and bathrooms. They also had servants and other people to care for the children.

Housing Life of the Poor

The lower class lived in tenants which were overcrowded and unsanitary. People commonly caught diseases from living in these areas.

Housing Life Analysis

Housing life differed greatly between the rich and the poor during the 2nd Industrial Revolution. Housing life for the poor consisted of living in tenants which spreaded disease quickly. Cholera is an example of one and it is an infectious and often fatal bacterial disease of the small intestine, typically contracted from infected water supplies and causing severe vomiting and diarrhea. Many people during this time didn't have plumbing and sewer systems so much of the stuff was contaminated. They were also extremely overcrowded and many had to share rooms with people they didn't know. Rich people on the other hand had a completely different life as some had plumbing systems, lighting, and they also had servants. If both parents were working, someone was still there to care for the children. Due to more lighting they also had an increase in the amount of leisure time. They had a pretty laid back life unlike the lower class.

Life of Rich Children

Wealthy children had overall simple lives which consisted of schooling, little to no chores, and lots of leisure time.

Life of Children for Poor

Lower class children were taken out of school to go work in factories. They also endured dangerous working environments and didn't have a great childhood.

Child Life Analysis

Although children had been servants and apprentices throughout most of human history, child labor reached new extremes during the Industrial Revolution. Children often worked long hours in dangerous factory conditions for very little money. Children were useful as laborers because their size allowed them to move in small spaces in factories or mines where adults couldn’t fit, children were easier to manage and control and perhaps most importantly, children could be paid less than adults. Many developed lung diseases and other health problems due to poor ventilation and other conditions. Wealthy children on the other hand were kept groomed, fed, and educated. They didn't have to go out and work and spent their lives at home playing and living with their parents. They had no chores to do because they had servants and some even had private tutors. Overall there were no similarities between the two classes and they spent their lives extremely different.

Leisure Time of the Rich

Leisure time of the rich consisted of philanthropy and visiting the Metropolitan Museum of the Arts. They also went to very classy parties, sporting events, and operas.

Leisure Time for the Poor

Poor people didn't have very much leisure time and if they did, it was spent sleeping, cooking, attending religious services, and gaining an education.