Earthquake Saftey Brochure
Created By: Ayesha Khan
What actually happens during an earthquake?
How to prepare BEFORE an earthquake
What you will need:
- A storage box (to store supplies)
- Canned food>incase you don't have any food available
- Can opener>to open the food
- Water>incase you cant find fresh water and are dehydrated
- Blankets>to keep warm and to shield yourself from broken glass
- Flashlight>to be able to see during the dark and in the event of power outage
- First-aid kit> for any cuts or if your bleeding
- A safe place to meet> to get the family or group together in time and all at the same location.
Earthquakes and Buildings
If someone is living in a earthquake prone area like California and the states around it, he/she will most likely experience an earthquake in their lifetime. Hence, it may be prudent for someone who is considering moving to an earthquake-prone area to first study the building structural code and regulations before moving there. There is quite a bit of truth to the saying "earthquakes don't kill, buildings do." Buildings and structures which can withstand earthquakes have certain characteristics. Energy Absorbing Structures found in certain buildings feature an immense "mass dampener" which serve to dampen the motion created by earthquakes. This reduces impact which could damage the structure of the building or harm others. Another technique many engineers are using is Base Isolation:
"It is easiest to see this principle at work by referring directly to the most widely used of these advanced techniques, which is known as base isolation. A base isolated structure is supported by a series of bearing pads which are placed between the building and the building's foundation." These are the fundamental needs of making an earthquake proof building.
What to do during an earthquake
Its important to be ready and to know what to do during an earthquake and what you should be doing . Here are few great tips
COVER your head and neck with your arms. This position protects you from falling and provides some protection. If you can move safely, crawl for additional cover under a sturdy desk or table. If there is low furniture, or an interior wall or corner nearby and the path is clear, these may also provide some additional cover. Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture.
HOLD ON to any sturdy shelter until the shaking stops.
What to do after an earthquake
Go to a designated public shelter if your home had been damaged and is no longer safe for you or other to be in.