Earthquake Saftey Brochure

Created By: Ayesha Khan

What is a Earthquake?

earth·quake

ˈərTHˌkwāk/

noun

  1. a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action.

What actually happens during an earthquake?

What happens during an earthquake is pretty simple . The edges of the plates are rough, they get stuck while the rest of the plate keeps moving. Finally, when the plate has moved far enough, the edges unstick on one of the faults and that's how you get an earthquake. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/learn/kids/eqscience.php

How to prepare BEFORE an earthquake

What you will need:

  • A storage box (to store supplies)
  • Canned food>incase you don't have any food available
  • Can opener>to open the food
  • Water>incase you cant find fresh water and are dehydrated
  • Blankets>to keep warm and to shield yourself from broken glass
  • Flashlight>to be able to see during the dark and in the event of power outage
  • First-aid kit> for any cuts or if your bleeding
  • A safe place to meet> to get the family or group together in time and all at the same location.

Earthquakes and Buildings

If someone is living in a earthquake prone area like California and the states around it, he/she will most likely experience an earthquake in their lifetime. Hence, it may be prudent for someone who is considering moving to an earthquake-prone area to first study the building structural code and regulations before moving there. There is quite a bit of truth to the saying "earthquakes don't kill, buildings do." Buildings and structures which can withstand earthquakes have certain characteristics. Energy Absorbing Structures found in certain buildings feature an immense "mass dampener" which serve to dampen the motion created by earthquakes. This reduces impact which could damage the structure of the building or harm others. Another technique many engineers are using is Base Isolation:

"It is easiest to see this principle at work by referring directly to the most widely used of these advanced techniques, which is known as base isolation. A base isolated structure is supported by a series of bearing pads which are placed between the building and the building's foundation." These are the fundamental needs of making an earthquake proof building.

Sources Used:❄

http://mceer.buffalo.edu/infoservice/Reference_Services/advEQdesign.asp

https://www.tech21.com

https://www.fema.gov

What to do during an earthquake

Its important to be ready and to know what to do during an earthquake and what you should be doing . Here are few great tips
COVER your head and neck with your arms. This position protects you from falling and provides some protection. If you can move safely, crawl for additional cover under a sturdy desk or table. If there is low furniture, or an interior wall or corner nearby and the path is clear, these may also provide some additional cover. Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture.
HOLD ON to any sturdy shelter until the shaking stops.

  • Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall,
  • DO NOT get in a doorway as this does not provide protection from falling or flying objects and you likely will not be able to remain standing.
  • Stay inside until the shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. Do not exit a building during the shaking. Research has shown that most injuries occur when people inside buildings attempt to move to a different location inside the building or try to leave.
  • DO NOT use the elevators.
  • Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on.

  • http://www.ready.gov/earthquakes

    What to do after an earthquake

  • When the quake stops remember the worst of it is over but there is still more to go so you should follow these important safety ideas.
  • Drop, Cover, and Hold On whenever you feel shaking.
  • Check for injuries and provide assistance if you have training. Assist with rescues if you can do this safely.
  • Watch out for fire and extinguish small fires. Fire is the most common hazard after an earthquake. Never use a lighter or matches near damaged areas.
  • Listen to a battery-operated radio or television for the latest emergency information.
  • If you are near the coast, learn the tsunami risk for your area. If you are in an area that may experience tsunamis, when the shaking stops, walk inland or to higher ground immediately. Monitor official reports for more information on the area’s tsunami evacuation plans.
  • Go to a designated public shelter if your home had been damaged and is no longer safe for you or other to be in.

  • Stay away from damaged areas. Return home only when authorities say it is safe.
  • Be careful when driving after an earthquake and anticipate traffic light outages.
  • After it is determined that its’ safe to return, your safety should be your primary priority as you begin clean up and recover.