Culture wars & Supreme Court

Laine Apple

Boynton vs Virgina- 1960 (7-2)

Issue- the case overturned a judgment conviction a African American law student for trespassing by being in a restaurant in a bus terminal which was "whites only"

Rights involved- racial segregation

Impact- Liberal because it was one of the issues that's starts desegregation

Historical significance- Its significance is that its outlawing of racial segregation in public transportation led directly to a movement called the Freedom Riders, in which African Americans and whites together rode various forms of public transportation in the South to challenge local laws or customs that enforced segregation.

Abington school district vs Schempp- 1963. (8-1)

Issue- school sponsored bible reading in public school in the u.s. said to be unconstitutional

Rights involved- first and fourteenth amendment

Impact- liberal because there trying to separate church and state.

Historical significance- we still don't do schools pondered prayer readings in public school today.

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Griswold vs Connecticut- 1965 (7-2)

Issue- a Connecticut law criminalizing the use of contraceptives violated the right to marital privacy. Connecticut Supreme Court revised.

Rights involved- "right to marital privacy"

Impact- liberal because conservatives are usually pro life.

Historical significance- women can now get abortions in Connecticut.

Roe v. Wade-1973. (7-2)

Issue- is a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of abortion.

Rights involved- fourteenth amendment

Impact- liberal, the conditions to get a abortion became easier to meet and this helps many women.

Historical significance- Texas law making it a crime to assist a woman to get an abortion violated her due process rights.

Two likely vacancies on the court after the 2016 election

The court’s oldest member, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, who will reach her 82nd birthday next March. By the end of the next president’s first term, she will be nearing 88. Justices Antonin Scalia will turn 80 during the 2016 presidential election year so they are both Likely to retire.

how those vacancies would affect the direction of the Court

Ruth bader Ginsburg leans towards the liberal side of the spectrum so if she resigns then they will have to find a liberal replacement. Antonin Scalia is very solidly conservative so if he resigns they will have to find a conservative replacement, this could upset the balance and equality of the court.

conclusion on culture wars in the United States

The culture war is the struggle between two sets of conflicting values. Americans use the term culture war to describe the conflict between those values considered conservative and those considered liberal.