biology teks on bacteria teks 4a,4b

By:Ricky Cardenas

tek 4A.Could Bacteria-Fighting Viruses Replace Overused Antibiotics?

antibiotics are being overused and are becoming less effective as time goes on because the bacteria is always changing and adapting to survive so the antibiotics could never really stop bacteria only suppress the effects. viruses on the other hand specifically phages kill bacteria not human cells. each phage can only attack a specific bacteria string.

tek 4b For bacteria what is the difference of bacilli, cocci, and spirilla?

the difference between all of these things are their shape.

phages attacking bacteria

the phages (red) are attacking the type of bacteria (blue)

4a Why are bacteria so different from normal cells?

well for starters human,plant and animals are all eukaryotic cells and most bacteria are prokaryotic. bacteria and more primitive than animal and humans cells and the contents in the cell membrane.

4a Compare and contrast prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

PROKARYOTES

-no nucleus

-non membrane bound organelles

-primitive

-no cytoskeleton

EUKARYOTES

-has a nucleus

-membrane bound nucleus

-complex

-has a cytoskeleton

BOTH

-cytoplasms

-both have dna

Big image
Big image

(top) this is a eukaryotic cell see how it is more complex as the prokaryotic (bottom) is simple and smaller

4b How do bacteria reproduce?

bacteria produce by binary fission and what this is, is a bacteria strand that is divided and made into 2 exact copies (daughter cells) this can occurs around every 20 minutes if the conditions are a good condition.

4b Can bacteria live without a host organism?

yes in my research on the web i have found places where bacteria can live in the water and air on there own but most require or prefer a host that has nutrients and a surplus of what they need to survive