The 13 Colonies

By Justin, Cameron, Aisling, and Anylah

The Middle Colonies

There are four middle colonies. They are Delaware, New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. They provide deep shade on the harbor for ships that are coming in. The land was rich and fertile for farming. The economic conditions of each region are farming, shipbuilding, forest, and argaculture. These colonies were useful for growing food for other colonies. They land was better to grow crops from than in the south or in New England colonies. Most of the land was settled by the Dutch, Most of the population of the middle colonies were immagrints. Southern colonies increased trade. Delaware was founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit. New York was founded in 1626 by Peter Minuit. New Jersey was founded in 1664 by a group of English Colonists. Pennsylvania was founded in 1682 by William Penn.

The Southern Colonies

The regions in the southern colonies are Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, Georgia, and South Carolina. Virginia was founded by the london company in 1607. Maryland was founded by lord Balitmore in 1634. North Carolina was founded by Virginians in 1653. South Carolina was founded by 8 nobles in 1663. Georgia was founded by James Edward Oglethorpe in 1732. Virginia was founded cause they wanted wealth and a lesser extent to convert the natives into christianity. Maryland was founded because they wanted profit and to create a refuge for roman catholics. North Carolina and South Carolina were founded for the same reason and that is because King Charles the second issued a royal charter to eight nobles to settle in the area of South Virginia. Georgia was founded because to serve as a place where depters in prison go to start a new served as a barrier against the spanish. Three geographical charateristics for the southern colonies are Maryland had low fertile summers were hot and winters were cold. Virginia had james river, hot humid summers, rain, and mild winters. North Carolina had tobacco along the border, rice on cape fear, and grain cattle and swine. South Carolina had a mixture of farming and commerce, slaves did most of the labor, and they had wheat, barley, and rye. Georgia had very dry soil, many pine trees, and red clay. The role of religion in the Southern Colonies is many people were in to baptist or protestant lifestyles and not much tyranny from the church. The economic conditions of the Southern Colonies is mostly agriculture because if the crops did well so did the colony and also there were of farms and conditions. Fun facts for the Southern Colonies are had the warmest climate, had very rich soil. England came to expand trade. Many rivers connected to each other.

The New England Colonies

The regions of the New England colonies are Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, and Connecticut. Rhode Island was discovered by Roger Williams in the year of 1636. Rhode Island was discovered because for religious freedom. Rhode Island is bordered on the Massachusetts on the north and east, by the Atlantic Ocean on the south, and on the west of Connecticut. Rhode Island was the first of the 13 colonies to declare independence from British rule, declaring itself independent on May 4, 1776, two months before any other colony. Rhode Island colony was founded near present-day Newport, on what is now commonly called Aquineck Island, the largest of several islands in Narragansett Bay. Massachusetts Bay was discovered by John Winthrop in the year of 1630. Massachusetts Bay was discovered because for religious freedom for Puritans. The Massachusetts Bay colony was an English settlement on the east coast of North America in the 17th century. The territory administered by the colony included much of present-day central New England. The colony was founded by the owners of the Massachusetts Bay Company, which included investors in the failed Dorchester Company. New Hampshire was discovered by John Mason in the year 1630. New Hampshire was discovered because to escape for those constricted by religious and economic rule. New Hampshire became a royal colony under direct control of England. New Hampshire was mainly settled for England to benefit trade between Native Americans and the West Indies. Martin Pring was also important in the discovery of New Hampshire as he was the first to actually explore it. Connecticut was discovered because of religious and economic freedom. Connecticut was surrounded by New York, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island. New York is not part of the New England colonies. Connecticut leads New England in the production of eggs, pears, peaches, and mushrooms, and it's oyster crop is the nation's second largest. English settlements established in the 1630's at Windsor, Wethersfield, and Hartford united in 1639 to form the Connecticut Colony under the Fundamental Orders. The religion played in the development of the New England colonies in a way that it shaped their morale and spirituality. In the 17th century, the New England colonists had a thriving economy. They had a shipbuilding system and mercantile network. They also made a profit from their trading with England. The Puritans came to America in search of religious freedom.

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Illnesses in the 13 colonies

Illnesses in the 13 colonies were very dangerous and untreatable because medicine was not made yet. A very common disease that spread throughout the colonies is smallpox. A way to cure the disease is a method called blood letting. In this method they withdraw some blood.

Time line

New England Colonies

Rhode Island- 1636



New Hampshire- 1638

Middle Colonies

New York-1626

New Jersey-1664



Southern Colonies

Maryland- 1633


North Carolina- 1653

South Carolina- 1663

Georgia- 1732