By: Elise Murphy
A Leader of the Armed Fight to End Apartheid
The Life of Arthur Goldreich
Arthur Goldreich died recently at the age of 82 after being a significant leader in the fight to end the Apartheid rule. He started his military lead in Israel's Independence War then moved to South Africa and was one of the few white men to assist in the fight. Goldreich helped locate the sabotage sites for the MK and drafted a discipline code for the guerrillas. He brought the Palmach training he acquired from Israel and used his knowledge of it to train other members of the ANC. In 1963, police arrested 19 members from underground at his farm and charged them with sabotage, They were placed in jail but fortunately Goldreich and a few others were able to bribe a young guard who released them from the cells. After being released, he fled to Swaziland and began to disguise himself as a priest. He eventually moved back to Israel and became an architect.
Significance to the Fight Against Apartheid
Goldreich played a key role in the Africans fight against the Apartheid rule. To start, he helped many people in the ANC military from training to fighting. Goldreich and his lawyer purchased Liliesleaf Farm in Rivonia, Johannesburg. The farm was used as the headquarters for the South African Communist Party. Also, it was home to secret meetings for the African National Congress. Even though many members were arrested there, it gave time to plan and meet without fear from the Apartheid government. He provided refuge to many freedom fighters, one included Nelson Mandela. He was a major part of the ANC underground liberation.
His addition/help in the movement
A Tribute to Arthur Goldreich
Martin, Douglas. "Arthur Goldreich, a Leader of the Armed Fight to End Apartheid, Dies at 82." The New York Times. The New York Times, 26 May 2011. Web. 15 Nov. 2015.
"South African Jews Struggle With Legacy of Apartheid - News." The Forward. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2015.