Ip addressing, MAC address,
MAC address. Media Access Control
A COMMUTATIONS protocols IS A SET OF RULES THAT COMPUTERS USE TO COMMUNICATE WITH EACH OTHER. THE SET OF RULES ARE LIKE DIFFERENT LANGUAGES YOU NEED TO UNDERSTAND THE LANGUAGE TO KNOW WHAT THE PERSON IS SAYING TO YOU. SO THE protocols MEAN THAT BOTH COMPUTERS UNDERSTAND THE BINARY THEY ARE SENDING EACH OTHER. The protocols vary the speed and meaning of the data. Common network protocols are Ethernet,Local Talk,Token Ring,FDDI and ATM. The protocols rules can change the access method, allowed physical topologies, types of cabling, and speed of data transfer.