STD'S

BY: SAVANNAH STRAUSS

HIV (HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS)

Symptoms: Some common symptoms include fever, rash, night sweats, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes, mouth ulcers.

Is it treatable: Medicines can fight the HIV virus, but there is no cure. Antiretroviral therapy allow people to live a longer more comfortable life who have the virus.

Prevention: Do not have multiple sexual partners, do not share needles, use condoms correctly.

Later Complications: Tuberculosis, Cancer, and Wastes Syndrome are all complications from HIV that can reduce one’s quality of life later in life.


HERPES - #3 IN COLLEGE STUDENTS ACCORDING TO CDC

Symptoms: Sores, vesicles, and ulcers are all common signs of Herpes. Many people mistake herpes for a bug bite or razor burn.

Treatment: Yes Herpes is treatable. There are three common medicines which can treat the first episode of Herpes including acyclovir, valacyclovir, and famciclovir.

Prevention: Prevention for herpes is similar to prevention for all other sexually transmitted diseases. An individual should refrain from having multiple different sexual partners and should use a condom.

Complications: Some later complications for herpes include bladder problems, newborn infection, other sexually transmitted infections, meningitis, and rectal inflammation (particularly in men who have sex with other men).


CHLAMYDIA - #2 IN COLLEGE STUDENTS ACCORDING TO CDC

Symptoms: Some common symptoms of Chlamydia include abnormal vaginal discharge in women, painful urination, burning and itching of the genitalia, and pain and swelling of the genitalia.

Treatment: Yes, it is treatable. Oral antibodies including azithromycin and doxycycline should clear up the infection within a week or two.

Prevention: Individuals should not have multiple sexual partners and should consult their doctors immediately if they notice any discomfort or unfamiliarity.

Complications: If left untreated, Chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility in women. In med, it can cause infection of the urethra and inflammation of the rectum.


GONORRHEA

Symptoms: Some common symptoms of Gonorrhea include pain and sensitivity when urinating, the need to urinate more frequently, sore throat, and swelling and pain of the vagina/testes.

Treatment: Modern antibiotics can cure most infections, but many drug-resistant strains of gonorrhea are starting to develop. A vaccine is currently being engineered to prevent the gonorrhea infection.

Prevention: Refraining from sex and asking your partner to be tested for STDs is the bets way to prevent being infected with gonorrhea.

Complications: Later complications are more common in women who can develop scarring of the fallopian tubes which can prevent further pregnancy. Men usually develop scarring of the urethra and abscess in the interior of the penis.


SYPHILIS

Symptoms: Syphilis develops in multiple stages. At the primary stage, a sore called a chancre develops which later develops into a rash that covers the entire body.

Treatment: Yes, it is treatable if diagnosed at an early stage. Treatment for all individuals is an injection of penicillin which can stop the progression of the disease if it has been caught in less than a year.

Prevention: Syphilis prevention includes avoiding recreational drugs, using a condom, and being monogamous with a partner who has not been infected.

Complications: Later complications of Syphilis usually occur in people who do not get treatment. These include damage to the brain, nerves, blood vessels, liver, bones and joints.

TRICHOMONIASIS

Signs and Symptoms: About 70% of infected people do not have any signs or symptoms. Men with trichomoniasis may feel itching or irritation inside the penis, burning after urination or ejaculation, or some discharge from the penis. Women with trichomoniasis may notice itching, burning, redness or soreness of the genitals, discomfort with urination, or a thin discharge with an unusual smell that can be clear, white, yellowish, or greenish.

Treatment: Trichomoniasis can be cured with a single dose of prescription antibiotic medication, either metronidazole or tinidazole.

Prevention: Using latex condoms correctly every time you have sex will help reduce the risk of getting or spreading trichomoniasis. Or avoid having sex

Complications: A woman with Trichomoniasis is likely to have preterm delivery. Trichomoniasis can increase the risk of getting or spreading other sexually transmitted infections.

PUBIC LICE (CRABS)

Signs and Symptoms: Skin reaction that causes skin to turn bluish-gray in color, sores in the genital area due to bites and scratching

Treatment: Pubic lice are often treated with medicines that contain a substance called permethrin.

Prevention: Avoid sexual or intimate contact with people you know have pubic lice until they have been treated. Bathe or shower often and keep your bedding clean. Avoid trying on bathing suits while you are shopping. If you must try on swimwear, be sure to wear your underwear. This may prevent you from getting or spreading pubic lice.

Complications: Scratching can irritate your skin, or it could lead to an infection such as impetigo (a bacterial skin infection) or furunculosis (boils on the skin).

HEPATITIS B

Signs and Symptoms: Yellowing of the skin and eyes, dark urine, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.

Treatment: There is no specific treatment for acute hepatitis B. Therefore, care is aimed at maintaining comfort and adequate nutritional balance, including replacement of fluids lost from vomiting and diarrhoea. Chronic hepatitis B infection can be treated with drugs, including oral antiviral agents

Prevention: The hepatitis B vaccine is the mainstay of hepatitis B prevention.

Complications: Liver cancer, liver failure

HPV (HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS) - #1 IN COLLEGE STUDENTS ACCORDING TO CDC

Symptoms and Signs: There are no signs but some people develop genital warts

Treatment: There is no treatment for the actual virus but there are treatments for genital warts, cervical precancer, and other HPV related cancers.

Prevention: Get vaccinated between the ages 11-12 and get screened for cervical cancer. Catch-up vaccines are recommended for males through age 21 and for females through age 26

Complications: If you are pregnant and have HPV, you can get genital warts or develop abnormal cell changes on your cervix. Abnormal cell changes can be found with routine cervical cancer screening. You should get routine cervical cancer screening even when you are pregnant.

MYCOPLASMA GENOTALIUM - AN EMERGING ISSUE ACCORDING TO CDC

Symptoms and Signs: watery discharge from the penis, burning sensation in the penis when urinating, abnormal discharge from the vagina, discomfort on urination, bleeding between periods, often after sex.

Treatment: Effective antibiotic treatment is available on prescription from a doctor.

Prevention: Practise safer sex, No sex until antibiotic treatment is completed and your usual sexual partner has completed treatment, A follow-up test must be done to make sure that treatment has cleared the infection.

Complications: Mycoplasma genitalium may make way for chlamydia, which in consequence may cause ectopic or tubal pregnancy. This condition may cause painful conditions to a pregnant woman during delivery and can be fatal for an unborn.