Argumentative Writing

Review

An argumentative essay is a type of writing that requires a writer to defend a position on a topic using evidence from personal experience, literature, historical examples, and research to support his or her viewpoint. The writer usually uses several different arguments to prove his or her point.
How to Write an Argumentative Essay by Shmoop

Format

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1. Hook. Your first sentence is comprised of a “hook.” A hook is a sentence that grabs your reader’s attention just like a good Jackie Chan movie grabs the attention of a martial arts fan.

2. Background information : What is the issue at hand? Who cares? Where is this issue prevalent? Why is it important?

3. Thesis. Your thesis typically makes up the last sentence of your intro paragraph. This is where you clearly state your position on the topic and give a reason for your stance.

4. Claim: A claim is a statement you make to support your argument.

5. Evidence For each claim you make, you need to provide supporting evidence. Evidence is factual information from reliable sources.

6. Refutation : If you oppose or support the claim make sure to explore the grey area or just a point of counter-argument.

7. Conclusion : restate the claim.

Types of evidence

When writing an argumentative piece, one often must find what an audience considers "reliable" evidence, as opposed to one's own opinions and feelings. Evidence serves as support for the reasons you offer and helps compel audiences to accept your claims.

Places from where you can use evidence: ( Given to us by Mrs. Henson )

  • Books read
  • Movies or other sources of entertainment
  • Historical evidence
  • Political evidence
  • Universal truths/ quotes
  • Personal experience (use this only when you are not able to think of other sources).

Practice essay question

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