Tropical Wet-and-Dry

This is part of the Tropical Rainy climate region!

Climate Location

The tropical wet-and-dry climate is often found in Brazil, India, and Australia. You can also find this climate in Africa, and most of South America. It is located at the latitude range of 15 ° to 25 ° North and South.

Yearly Precipitation

The change in the precipitation is what gives this climate its name. Precipitation only falls during the summer months, these include the months May through August. June and July have the heaviest rainfall of these months. The dry season has less than four inches of rain, and during the wet season at least 25 inches of rain falls. Cherrapunji, India once recieved 1,000 inches of rain in a year! It is also known as the "wettest place on earth!"

Seasons and Temperature Range

There are only two seasons in a wet-and-dry climate region-- a wet season and a dry season. The wet season is summer and the dry season is winter and is typically longer. During the dry seasons plant and animal life suffers, but during the wet season it flourishes. During the wet season temperatures average about 77 degrees, and during the dry season they average 68 degrees. The temperatures stay relatively high throughout the year due to the climate type, and the lands being near the equator cause them to get direct sunlight.
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Factors Affecting Climate

There are many different factors that affect the tropical wet-and-dry climate, but the biggest one is the monsoon wind. The monsoon is a seasonal change in wind direction. The change is due to the way land and water heat. Latitude also affects the seasons in this climate. Latitude plays a major part in dictating the climate conditions of not only this region, but other ones as well. Latitude determines how much sun exposure the area is going to receive. The more sun exposure an area has the warmer the weather. Since the tropical wet-and-dry climate has a lot of sun exposure, it is very hot. The less sun exposure an area has, the colder it will be. Today, when an area is closer to the sun days tend to be longer, as well as warmer. The last factor affecting this climate region is the distance from large bodies of water. Since most of the regions are far away from the water they heat up rather easily. If you live near a large body of water, like in Maine, land near you would not heat up as fast, as it would in an area such as Nebraska. Why you might ask? It's because the water is absorbing all of the heat and thermal energy, making it cooler!