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Buchenwald Concentration camp

Buchenwald Information

  • Within the old German borders of 1937, the Buchenwald was one of the largest concentration camps in Germany.
  • The Germans constructed the camp in 1937
  • Before Buchenwald was a concentration camp, it was the birth place of German constitutional democracy in 1919.
  • In July 1937, Buchenwald was opened for male prisoners
  • Women were not allowed to go to Buchenwald until early 1944
  • In the main camp prisoners were confined in the northern part of the camp
  • In 1938 almost 10,000 Jews were sent to Buchenwald
  • Jews were not the only prisoners there were also criminals, Gypsies, Jehovah's Witnesses, and German military deserters at Buchenwald

Buchenwald Prisoner information

  • Prisoners are forced to work in armaments factories and stone quarries and on construction projects
  • The S.S would periodically select prisoners they were either too weak or disabled and dispatch them to euthanasia facilities such as Ben burg, were they would be gassed as a part of operation 14F13
  • SS officers would also kill prisoners with Phenol injections
  • Most of the early inmates were political prisoners