The Three Musketeers

William the Conqueror, King John, Joan of Arc

William the Conqueror

Biographical Info

He lived from 1027 to 1087. William was born at Falaise, in the Normandy region of northwestern France. He was the son of Robert I, Duke of Normandy. In 1035, William inherited his father's title.

Memorable Moments

On Christmas Day, 1066, William was crowned king of England. Over the next several years, William put down several local rebellions. He took lands from those who resisted him. He kept some of the land for himself. He gave the rest to his loyal followers. To emphasize thelawfulness of his crown, William confirmed the laws of Edward the Confessor. He kept all thepowers of the Anglo-Saxon monarch.In 1085, William created the Domesday Book. It was the first official record of the propertyholders in England and the amount of land they held..In 1085, William created the Domesday Book. It was the first official record of the propertyholders in England and the amount of land they held.Domesday Book. It was the first official record of the propertyholders in England and the amount of land they held.

Importance

William the Conqueror was important because he established feudalism in Europe. Europe had no central government and was constantly being attacked by vikings and other barbarians, so feudalism was very important.

King John quote

"No one likes being forced into doing something that will effect your future." - Mallory wolf
http://www.youtube.com/watch?edufilter=E-nIA6VrvGA5Avu83FoomA&v=bQ8A5gRe_Dw

King John

Biographical Info

King John was born in 1167 and died in 1216. Like William I, King John is one of the more controversial monarchs of Medieval England and is most associated with the signing of the Magna Carta in 1215.John was born on Christmas Eve, the youngest son of Henry II and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine. As a child, John tended to be overshadowed by is older brother Richard. Like his father, John developed a reputation for violent rages which lead to him foaming at the mouth. Henry left no land to John when he died so John was given the nick-name John Lackland.

Memorable Moments

English barons forced King John to approve the charter in June 1215 at Runnymede,southwest of London. In the charter, the king granted many rights to the English aristocracy.After John lost an important battle against France at Bouvines (inwhat is now western Belgium) in 1214, civil war broke out in England. John saw that he couldnot defeat his opponents' army, and so he agreed to a set of articles on June 15, 1215. Fourdays later, the articles were engrossed (written out in legal form) as a royal charter. Copies ofthe charter were distributed throughout the kingdomengrossed (written out in legal form) as a royal charter. Copies ofthe charter were distributed throughout the kingdom

Importance

He fought in the crusades (holy wars), but as his brother Richard is more famous when it comes to fighting in holy wars, this cant be recognised as important. What is important, but also significant to us, is his signing of the Magna Carta, a document with reduces the political power of the monarchy, and forming a powerful parliament. This is more impoertant, as our system today wouldn't be as it is without the signing. He is also recognised as Bad King John, due to extreme taxation to his Barons, thus subjecting the public into some form of poverty. In addition to this, he has no record of winning any major battles, and lost lands to philippe of France, thus causing the taxation on his borans in an attempt to reclaim them. Additionally, his reputation is proceeded by his attempts to overthrow his brother, Richard the lion heart.

King John Quotes

"You can have the right tools to succed, but if you do not put them together you cannot acheive." - Mallory Wolf                                                                                                       
"You can have great qualities and oppurtunities, but if you do not have the right attitude, you will go no where." - Mallory Wolf

Joan of Arc

Biographical Info

Joan of Arc, nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans," was born in 1412 in Domrémy, Bar, France. A national hero of France, Joan of Arc led the French army to victory over the British at Orléans, at age 18. Captured a year later, Joan was burned by the English and their French collaborators as a heretic. She was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint 500 years later, on May 16, 1920.

Memorable Moments

  • Born on January 6, 1412, at Greux-Domremy, Lorraine, France
  • In May 1428 Joan had visions that told her to find the true king of France and help him reclaim his throne from the British.
  • Her military victories from February 23, 1429, to May 23, 1430, brought Charles VII to the throne.
  • In 1431 she was tried as a heretic by a bishop who was a supporter of the British. She was found guilty and order to be burned at the stake
  • Joan was burned alive on May 30, 1431, at Rouen, France

Importance

All that Joan was able to accomplish at such a young age is unparalleled in history. Only 17 when she was put in command of the French army, she is the youngest person to ever command the armies of a nation. In only a couple of months she was able to completely reverse a war that had been going on for almost 100 years that the French were about to lose. The victories she won at Orleans and Patay are considered among the greatest in all of history. Add to all of this her prophetic ability that was always correct, her personal devotion to God and commitment to purity and it is a story that can only be described as incredible."Without Joan of Arc France might not be France today!

Joan of Arc Quote

"Do not be afraid to make a change for the better" - Mallory Wolf
http://www.youtube.com/watch?edufilter=E-nIA6VrvGA5Avu83FoomA&v=wQydMhY9OpI
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