Type 1 Diabetes

What happens when your pancreas does not secrete insulin

What is Happening

Type 1 diabetes prevents the pancreas from producing insulin, instead it needs to be injected. The pancreas is unable to control the levels of insulin which causes glucose spikes and declines. If you do not have diabetes, the pancreas will secrete insulin when there is a glucose increase. The cells will take up glucose and the liver will store it as glycogen. If glucose levels in a normal body decrease, the pancreas will secrete glucagon and the liver breaks down glycogen to produce glucose in the blood. Type 1 diabetes prevents this normal system from happening so glucose cannot get into the cells where it is needed. Glucose then stays in the blood because of this. if glucose stays in the blood, the body will get sick.

Symptoms

1.An increased thirst can result from the osmotic pressure that builds up due to high glucose levels.

2. Frequent urination occurs from the body trying to rid itself of excess glucose

3. Blurred vision happens when high blood sugar causes the lens of the eyes to swell

4. Fatigue is another symptom caused by the lack of glucose, energy, inside the cells

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Treatment

There is no cure for diabetes, but ways to help control it. Insulin pumps are used to give the main treatment, insulin, to the body to get the insulin it needs since the pancreas does not naturally make it. Keeping track of your blood sugar helps you know what foods your body needs to eat to return the levels to normal. Exercising as well as a healthy diet help to maintain stable glucose levels.
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