Aracely Rivera & Zach Finely. 5th

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Historical Context

They became an agricultural people, less violent, more secure, more civilized (Allen et al. 25). The Dark Ages was a time of bloody conflicts, ignorance, violence, and barbarism (Allen et al. 23). The Danes finally met defeat at the hands of a powerful Anglo-Saxon king (Allen et al. 24). They became the basis for English culture, and their gutteral, vigorous language became the spoken language of the people, the language now known as Old English (Allen et al. 23). The Anglo-Saxons changed over time. The early invaders were seafaring wanderers whose lives were bleak, violent, and short (Allen et al. 25).

Background of Beowulf

An epic, a long narrative poem that traces the adventures of a great hero, has the power to transport you to another time and place (Allen et al. 41). Beowulf is a stirring adventure story and a deeply serious commentary on human life. It tells the story of the life and death of the legendary hero Beowulf in his great battles with supernatural monsters and in his reign as a cultured and popular monarch (Boucquey 1). Beowulf decides to meet the fire-breathing dragon in combat. Upon seeing the dragon, his troops flee in terror, but his kinsman Wiglaf refuses to leave his side (Boucquey 2). We dont know who that poet was or when Beowulf was composed (Allen et al. 40). Beowulf takes you to the Anglo-Saxon period and the land of the Danes and the Geats, where a mighty warrior battles fantastic monsters (Allen et al. 41).

Archeological Finds

Basil Brown uncovered the remains of a ninety-foot long, clinker-built wooden ship of the 7th century, outlined by its iron rivets in the sand in 1939 ("Sutton" 1). Between 1965 and 1967, ship trench was re-excavated by Rupert Bruce-Mitford, Keeper of Medieval and Later Antiquities in the British Museum ("Sutton" 2). They were grouped around Mound 5 and separately around the post-holes of a probable gallows at the nearby eastern edge of the cemetery ("Shmoop" 3). In 2000, a rescue dig examined the footprint of the planned National Trust Visitor Centre, revealing nineteen inhumations and seventeen early Anglo-Saxon cremations ("Sutton" 4).

Factual Connections

The Dark Ages was a time of bloody conflicts, ignorance, violence, and barbarism when Grendal and Beowulf faught and Grendal chopped Beowulf's arm off (Allen et al. 25).

The Anglo-Saxons arrived in Europe around the A.D 449 (Allen et al. 23).


Beowulf is fiction in the story. Beowulf would have been dead by the time Grendal took his arm apart. Grendal would not been able to boil blood, also fiction.

Works Cited

Allen, Janet, et al., eds. British Literature. Holt McDougal, 2010. Print.

"Archeology." The Sutton Hoo Society, 2013. Web. 2 Oct. 2014.

"Beowulf." Ancient and Medieval History Online, 2014. Web. 2 Oct. 2014.