Genetically Modified Food

=+=Andrew Holmes=+=

History


  • The use of yeast to make bread and wine has been used for thousands of years.
  • 1865 - Gregor Mendel's discoveries on the breeding of peas became the origin of modern genetics.
  • Late 19th century farmers used the principals of heredity for breeding crops.
  • 1954 - Scientists discover DNA Structure.
  • 1998 First GM labeling rules. Introduced to provide customers with information of the use of GM ingredients in food.

Important People

  • Gregor Mendel - Considered the father of modern genetics.
  • Monsanto - A leading biotech company founded in 1901.
  • Farmers - Use genetic engineering to modify their crops and make new discoveries.

First Experiments

Types of Technology and Methods

  • Gene Transfer - Once a desired gene is selected, it can be cut out then transferred to the desired plant.
  • Selective Breeding - Farmers can take two plants that have desired genes or traits and breed them to produce the favorable offspring.

Risks and Benefits

PROS/CAN PRODUCE

  • Rice with added vitamins can help people get more vitamins that they are lacking.
  • Potatoes can absorb less fat when fried.
  • Tomatoes that soften slower.
  • Strawberries that can withstand frost.
CONS

  • Plants could be potentially dangerous to the environment.
  • Sometimes unpredictable.
  • Could produce poisonous crops or food.

Big image

Regulations

EPA
  • Regulates bio pesticides. Verifies if a pesticide is safe enough to be used on crops


FDA
  • Responsible for regulating the safety of genetically modified crops. Checks to make sure that the crop will not harm humans, animals, or the environment.
Big image