The Middle Age Heroes
William the Conqueror, King John, Joan of Arc
William the Conqueror
Biographical Info; His real name was William the 1st. He was born in 1027 Falaise, France. He died on September 9, 1087 in Rouen, France. Memorable Moments; In 1063 he conquered the county of Maine. When Edward the Confessor died in 1066, William I made a hereditary claim to the Anglo-Saxon throne (Edward’s mother was a Norman) and invaded the island kingdom. "The conqueror is regarded with awe; the wise man commands our respect; but it is only the benevolent man that wins our affection."- William Dean Howells quotes. Importance; He won an amazing victory at the Battle of Hastings. The next year he was crowned as the King of England. He also organized his new territory very carefully. He had a county by county census of his English realm. This became known as the Domesday Book.
Biographical Info; His real name was John Lackland. He was born on December 24, 1167 in Oxford, United Kingdom. He died on October 19, 1216 in Newark, United Kingdom. He was the youngest son of King Henry the 2nd. He also had a great interest in the throne and would do anything to be the one who owned it. Memorable Moments; Upon the death of his brother King Richard 1 he became king of England and Lord of the “Angevin Empire” in France. John had to forfeit and lose NORMANDY as well as of the Angevin possessions on the Continent to the French crown. “Life is as tedious as a twice-told tale. Vexing the dull ear of a drowsy man” –King John. Importance; The most important thing he ever did was accept the Magna Carta. This document made it so that he can't collect taxes from nobles without asking or take their property without paying. It also makes it so the King must obey the same laws as the people.
Joan of Arc
Biographical Info; Real name was Jeanne D'Arc. She was born on 1412 in Domremy, France. She died on May 30, 1431 in Rouen, France. She was a very outgoing and religious person. Memorable Moments; She led Charles VII's armies to dramatic victories in the Anglo-French Hundred Years' War. She proved her miraculous gifts to the uncrowned king, Charles VII. She lead the troops to Orleans and took over some of the forts. She is the most notable Warrior Saint in the Christian calendar, and the queerest fish among the eccentric worthies of the Middle Ages." GEORGE BERNARD SHAW. Importance; By tradition a shepherd girl but probably from a well-to-do farming family, she began to receive divine visions--from about the age of 13. She led armies to victory but never actually fought. She was tried for crimes such as wearing pants. She was burned at the stake but she later became a saint.