Grey Wolf

Canis lupus

Classification

  • Domain Eukarya: All plants and animals live in this domain. All cells have a nucleus and most are multicellular.
  • Kingdom Animalla: All animals are in this kingdom and are multicellular, can move and have internal digestion
  • Phylum Chordata: Have a structure called nortochord (a rod that extends) , and have a complete nervous system, and have bilateral symmetry.
  • Subphylum Vertebrata: Every animal in this subphylum has a vertebral column down it's back and a complex digestion system.
  • Class Mammalia: These animals have hair at some point of their life and used for these 4 functions: 1. Heat 2. Sensory (whiskers) 3. Camouflage 4.Protection
  • Order Carnivora: Have special teeth for cutting meat. These animals are carnivores.
  • Family Canide: These animals eat flesh and mostly invertebrates. Mostly hunt in packs
  • Genus Canis: Dogs, jackals and wolves
  • Species lupus: Grey wolf
  • Canis lupus

General Description

Height: (from paw to muzzle) 60-90cm
Length: 87-130cm
Weight: 30-60kg
Color: Mostly grey with some light brown too. Has white underfur.
Natural Range: Canada, parts of US and northern Asia.
Diet: Mammals, carrion and garbage. (carrion means rotten flesh)
Habitat Description: Has many different habitats, from the forest to the arctic tundra.
Predators: Grey Wolves don't have many predators. Other wolves and coyotes can eat a pup if it's alone.

Physical Adaptations

Grey Wolves have great stamina. They can run for a long time without getting tired. They also have special hair to keep out moisture. On rainy or snowy days, this lets them go longer. On their paws, they have claws and pads for traction. This helps when it's rainy, snowy, icy or wet. In a chase, these wolves can run up to 40 miles per hour. That's almost 2 times faster than the speed limit in our neighborhoods. This helps because they don't want to lose their prey in a chase. Grey Wolves also have keen hearing and smelling. Their sense of smell is almost 100 times keener than ours. Because of this, they are able to locate and track prey better.

Behavioral Adaptations

Each wolf has a distinct howl. They use this for identification. Another form of communication is barks, yelps, whines and growls, like a dog. This is used for communication. Wolves are nocturnal. They move at night and cover great distances.

Refrences

References

Bonnie, E. (2002). Gray wolf. Retrieved March 23, 2015, from Blue Planet Biomes website: http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/gray_wolf.htm

Burton, M. (2002). Grey wolf. In International wildlife encyclopedia (3rd ed., Vol. 8, pp. 1054-1057). New York, NY: Marshall Cavendish.

Carbyon, L. (1993). Wolf. Retrieved March 24, 2015, from Hinterland's Who's Who website: http://www.hww.ca/assets/pdfs/factsheets/wolf-en.pdf

Gray wolf. (2015). Retrieved March 24, 2015, from Defenders of Wildlife website: http://www.defenders.org/gray-wolf/basic-facts

Smith, J. 2002. "Canis lupus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed March 11, 2015 at http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Canis_lupus/

Wolf. (2015). Retrieved March 19, 2015, from San Diego Zoo website: http://animals.sandiegozoo.org/animals/wolf

Wolf (Canis lupus). (n.d.). Retrieved March 19, 2015, from National Geographic website: http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/wolf/