Gestational Diabetes: A form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant women.
Common Symptoms: Blurred Vision, Fatigue, Frequent Infections, Increased thirst, Increased urination, Nausea and Vomiting, Weight loss despite increased appetite.
Avoid: Fruit Juice, Added sugars, Limit Fruit portions, Strictly limit sweets and desserts.
It is also important to avoid certain types of cheese, raw or uncooked eggs and meat, liver and unpasteurized milk. Always wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly to remove any soil and dirt.
Foods that are beneficial: Wholegrain starchy foods, pulse, fruit and vegetables as well as some dairy. Bread, rice, pasta, grains, potatoes, are all good starchy carbohydrates.
Long term effects: Women with Gestational Diabetes have a greater risk of developing diabetes in the future compared with those women who have normal glucose tolerance during pregnancy. Most women with gestational diabetes are able to have a vaginal birth but are more likely to have a cesarean delivery than women without diabetes to prevent delivery problems. Labor also may be induced earlier than the due date. Women with gestational diabetes will need to have regular diabetes testing after pregnancy. Their children also will need to be monitored for diabetes risks.
Duration of gestational diabetes: During pregnancy
Treatment strategies include daily blood sugar monitoring, a healthy diet, exercise, and monitoring the baby. If blood sugar is too high, medication is needed.