English

Present Perfect & First Conditional (Bloque 4)

Present Perfect


We use present perfect to talk about:

a) Unspecified time

I have been in Spain 3 times

b) An action that occurred in the past but is still happening

I have been studying for 9 year.

c) General experiences

She has tried to learn French.


Affirmative

I

You + have + Main verb in Past Participle + complement

We

They

She

He + has + Main verb in Past Participle + complement

It


Negative

I

You + haven’t + Main verb in Past Participle + complement

We

They

She

He + hasn’t + Main verb in Past Participle + complement

It


Interrogative

I

Have + You + Main verb in Past Participle + complement?

We

They

She

Has + He + Main verb in Past Participle + complement?

It

First Conditional


We use first conditional to talk about the possible future when discussing consequences of actions or events.


If + J + Verb in Simple Future + I + WILL + Verb in Simple Future

Ex. If I study, I will pass the exam.


If + J + Verb in Simple Future + I + WON’T + Verb in Simple Future

Ex. If I get up late, I won´t be on time.