South Sudan

By:Yasira Smith, Ruban Garcia, Dillon James

Introduction

After decades of fighting for their independence from the north, 98.83% of the population voted for independence in July 9, 2011, becoming the Republic of South Sudan. One of the least developed countries in the world.

History

South Sudan's history did not become documented until the early 1800s when Egyptians took control of the area, however oral traditions claim that the people of South Sudan entered the region before the 10th century. In 1898 Egypt and Great Britain established joint control of Sudan and in 1947 British colonists entered South Sudan and attempted to join it with Uganda. The Juba Conference, instead joined South Sudan with Sudan.In 1953 Great Britain and Egypt gave Sudan the powers of self government and on January 1, 1956, Sudan gained full independence. Shortly after, Sudan's leaders failed to deliver the promises to create a federal system of government. This began a long period of civil war between the northern and southern areas because for a while the north had tried to carry out Muslim policies and customs on the Christian south.By the 1980s, the civil war in Sudan caused serious economic and social problems. After working with the United Nations Security Council the Government of Sudan and the SPLM/A (Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement signed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) on January 9, 2005.On January 9, 2011 Sudan held an election, it passed with nearly 99% of the vote.

Geography And Climate

  • South Sudan is a landlocked country located in eastern Africa.
  • South Sudan is located near the Equator in the tropics.
  • Much of its landscape consists of tropical rainforest.
  • South Sudan also has extensive swamps and grassland regions.
  • The White Nile, a main tributary of the Nile River, also passes through the country.
  • The highest point in South Sudan is Kinyeti at 10,456 feet (3,187 m) and it is located on its far southern border with Uganda.
  • The climate of South Sudan varies but it is mainly tropical.
  • Juba, the capital and largest city in South Sudan.Has average yearly high temperature of 94.1˚F and an average yearly low temperature of 70.9˚F.
  • The most rainfall in South Sudan is between the months of April and October.
South Sudan Independence - One Year Later

Religion

Religion- Christianity, Animist

Animist is the believe everything that is visible has a soul, it is practiced by many of the native tribes.

Education

Only 27% of the people in south sudan over 15 can read and write (40% male and 16% women). There is a shortage of english teachers in south sudan also teachers in the fields of science and technology.

Languages- English (official), Arabic (official), minor languages Dinka, Nuer, Bari, Zande, and Shilluk