Drug Dependency/Substance Abuse
Alcohol has a chemical in it called Ethanol, which is a by product of yeast or bacteria when they react with sugars in food. This substance is used by consumption and has a desired affect of mainly sleep and muscle relaxation. It effects the brain a lot by interfering with brain communication pathways, affecting the way the brain functions and it's appearance, changes mood/behavior, and makes it harder to think and move. Other health effects of this substance are cirrhosis in the liver, cancer, and stroke. The form that alcohol is found in is a liquid drinkable form. Detoxification programs like rehab and AA meetings are available in order to become sober.
Cocaine, also known as coke has a main chemical named benzoylmethylecgonine. The substance is snorted, inhaled, or injected into the veins.The desired effect of cocaine is an intense feeling of happiness and an escape from reality. It affects the brain by inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine . This results in greater concentrations of these three neurotransmitters in the brain. It can easily cross the blood-brain barrier and may lead to the breakdown of it. Other health affects include: stroke, heart attack, and lung problems for those who smoke it, blood infections, and death. The forms of cocaine are salts, freebase, crack, and coca leaf infusions. The detoxification programs available for the substance is once again, a rehabilitation program.
Hallucinogens have nitrogen in them and are classified as alkaloids. Hallucinogens are taken by mouth, in a pill form or mushrooms. Hallucinogens have chemical structures similar to those of natural neurotransmitters (acetylcholine, serotonin, or catecholamine like). The desired effect of hallucinogens are to hallucinate and escape reality. It affects the brain by disrupting the interaction of nerve cells and the neurotransmitter serotonin. Other health affects include seizures, muscle weakness, dilated pupils, etc. The forms are mushrooms, LSD, and mescaline. The detoxification program available is rehabilitation.