Mexico City (Mexico D.F.), Mexico

By Jordan Handlin and Bailey Goldesberry

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Geography, Major Rivers, and Major Mountains

Mexico City is located in the center of Mexico. Major mountains in or near Mexico City are the Sierra Madre Occidental (Western), Sierra Madre Sur (South), and the Altiplano. Major rivers in or near Mexico City are Rio Grande de Santiago, Rio Verde, and the Rio Grande.

Historical Facts

  • Founded in 1325, Mexico City is the oldest city of the Americas.

  • Mexico City is the second most populated city of the world just after Tokyo.

  • It was the capital of the Aztec Empire which had approximately 300 thousand people, a larger population than any European city at that time, when it was conquered by Spain.

  • Its economic growth is one of the highest of the world and its economy is set to double by 2020, putting it in 7th place after Tokyo, New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Paris and London.

  • The city is located 2.2 kilometers above sea level. Though some people who are not used to these high altitudes may experience difficulty breathing when first landing in Mexico City, this symptom normally only lasts for a few hours.

Points of Interest

  • Zócalo-Was the main ceremonial center in Aztec city Tenochtitlan

  • Chapultepec Castle-Housed the Mexican President until 1939 and now houses the famous Museo Nacional de Historia

  • Museo del Templo Mayor-Aztec “Center of the Universe”

  • Museo de Arte Popular-Museum of popular arts

Typical Foods

Average Weather

All year long in Mexico City, the weather is mild and pleasant. October-May is the Dry Season while June-September is the Rainy Season. The temperature in winter averages in the high 60's to low 70's with the average high peaking in the summer and early fall months in the low to mid 80's.