Obsessive Compulsion Disorder

Sam Betts

Definition

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder. It is a potentially disabling illness that leads people to have unreasonable thoughts, fears, and obsessions that lead you to repetitive behaviors or compulsions .Theses compulsions are brought on by an attempt to prevent the obsessive thoughts or trying to hide them, but not performing the activities will increase your distress and anxiety.

To ease that anxiety, you will find yourself repeatedly washing your hands until they're sore and chapped. This may relieve or lessen the distress temporarily, but there is still that compelling feeling that will return pursuing you to perform the compulsive behaviors. Living with OCD and performing the compulsions may take up many hours of you day and interfere with normal everyday activities. People with OCD are usually aware that their compulsions are unrealistic and over the top, but they can't stop the urge.


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The symptoms of OCD may vary, but common obsessions and themes found are the fear of contamination by germs or dirt, having the urges to keep thing orderly and symmetrical, fear of causing harm to another, fears of making mistakes, and the fear of being embarrassed or behaving in a socially unacceptable manner. OCD affects about 2.2 million adults in the United States. The disorder first appears in childhood, adolescence or early adulthood. It occurs about equally in men and in women, and affects people of all races and religions. People with the tendency toward developing OCD may be impacted by environmental factors. Abuse, sudden living changes, illness, death of a loved one, work or school related changes or problems , and relationship concerns are all environmental factors that could be to blame for developing OCD .
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Treatment

OCD will not just vanish from your life, so it's very important to seek treatment as soon as possible. You should be referred to a health care professional who is special trained to diagnose and treat mental illnesses. The most effective treatment for OCD patients is a combination of medications and cognitive behavior therapy. Cognitive behavior therapy focuses on reducing their distress by confronting their anxiety beliefs without having them performing their compulsive behaviors. In very severe cases of OCD and in patients who don't respond to either of these treatments, electroconvulsive therapy or surgery could be used to treat OCD as other options. Electroconvulsive therapy is when electrodes are attached to the patient's head, then a series of electrical shocks are sent to the brain which induce seizures. The seizures cause the neurotransmitter in the brain to release.

Prognosis

In most cases, OCD can be conquered with medication, cognitive behaviour therapy or both. With long term treatment most people can achieve relief from symptoms and return to near normal functioning.

Personal Question

OCD symptoms usually involve obsessions and compulsions, but it's also very important to understand that you can have obsessions and compulsions that don't even relate to OCD. Just because you like to have everything neat and proper does not mean that you have OCD. As I stated earlier, OCD only affects about 2.2 million people in the United States. Its also very important to know the signs and symptoms of OCD, because if you know someone who you might suspect could have OCD, you should confront them and ask them to see professional help. Life with OCD is a difficult and stressful, you would be doing that person a favor helping them. I chose OCD because I know someone with the disorder and I know what it looks like when they have to live with it everyday of their lives.

Citations


"Anxiety Disorders (OCD)." Psych Tutor. Web. 13 Dec. 2015.

"THE OCD EXPERIENCE - Out Of The Darkness." Out Of The Darkness. Web. 13 Dec. 2015.

"OCD Symptoms: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Symptoms." YouTube. YouTube. Web. 13 Dec. 2015.

"Stock Photo By Mypokcik." Bigstock. Web. 13 Dec. 2015.