Sumatran tiger

Panthera Tigris sumatrae

Current Status:

Critically endangered

Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Carnivora

Family: Felidae

Genus: Panthera

Species: Tigris

Habitiat

Original Habitat: Islands of Sumatra


Current Habitat: Sumatran National parks and Game reserves



Diet

The Sumatran tiger are carnivores meaning they eats meat. They eat small to medium sized animals such as badgers, rabbits, boars, and deer. The Sumatran tiger prefers larger animals commonly from the deer family.

Appearance, size and weight

Size/physical appearance

Adults are around 4.5 feet to 9 feet in length, male tigers are usually lager than female. The Sumatran tiger is the smallest tiger subspecies, they weigh around 250 pounds. Their tails are about 3 to 4 feet long.

Adaptations

Physical Adaptations

Tongue

Their tongues are covered with Papillae (like little sharp raised pimples) to help them take the skin off flesh and flesh off bone.

Limbs

A good agile climber, with good balance. Its hind legs are longer than their front, this enhances their ability to jump and pounce.

Behavioral Adaptation

Nocturnal

The Sumatran tiger hunts at night since there is more prey around, but are active in the day in the winter. The Sumatran tiger can see 6 times better than humans at night.

Solitary

Tigers live alone, or are solitary (unless mating season or raising cubs). Tiger mark their territory by spraying their urine, leaving fecal droppings, or scratching marks into trees. With their own territory, the tigers can have their own hunting space.

Threats

Habitat Loss

The Sumatran tiger loses its habitat when man is cutting down the trees for timber products and resources.

Poaching

Tiger poaching and illegal trading of the tiger parts, is one of the most major threat to the Sumatran Tiger