The Tropical Rainforest

Welcome to the Amazon

PLANTS OF THE RAINFOREST

Lots of plants we use everyday are from the rainforest such as tomatoes, peppers, corn, rice, coconuts, bananas, coffee beans, cocoa for chocolate, lots of types of beans, and sweet potatoes. Trees can be over 100 meters tall. Many of the plants have special adaptations to survive in this environment. One of these adaptations is called “drip tips.” The leaves of the plants are large and waxy, so rainwater can just slide off quickly. Most trees have thin, smooth bark so that water can easily evaporate out of it. they are smooth so that other plants have trouble growing on them. Another of these adaptations is called buttresses. They are large ridges on the base of the trunks to support the tree, and to give it more surface area to “breathe.” Lots of plants also have “prop and stilt roots.” These are above ground roots that grow extremely quickly, sometimes as much as 85 centimeters in just one month. They are for extra support. Lots of flower have adapted to become epiphytes. These plants do not have roots in the soil. Epiphytes grow on the trunks of other trees. They get all their nutrients from the air/water. Examples of epiphytes are orchid, ferns, and bromeliads. Bromeliads are plants whose leaves curl to form small “tanks” where water collects. Sometimes small animals like frogs live in the tanks. Some plants have adapted to be carnivorous, like the Venus Fly Trap, or the Pitcher Plant. The Venus Fly trap has lots of heads filled with sticky, sweet-smelling liquid to entice insects inside. Once the bugs are inside, they are crushed by the head and prevented from leaving by the plant’s “teeth,” which are tiny hairs. The Pitcher Plant literally looks like a pitcher. It is open at the top, where bugs fly in to eat its sweet nectar in the bottom. They drown and are digested. The rainforest also has the world’s largest flower. It is called the Rafflesia. It smells like rotting meat, so it can attract flies to pollinate it.

ANIMALS OF THE RAINFOREST

There are lots of different animals in the rain forest. (13,000 kinds of animals, to be exact!) It is a diverse habitat with a multitude of different species, from the Golden Tamarin, to the Red Eyed Tree Frog, to the Anaconda. Animals and Insects are everywhere! Sitting on a tree branch, you may find a Jaguar. Their fur is spotted and splotchy so that they blend into the foliage. This species of big cat is a rare, solitary animal. Orangutans also reside in the treetops. These primates have, oddly enough, orange fur. They are very intelligent. Bouncing through the brush, you may find a Toco Toucan. They are small but colorful birds with comically large beaks to crush nuts and fruit. At first sight, you may wonder how such a small creature could hold up such a heavy beak, but their beaks are surprisingly actually very light. If you looked inside the curling leaves of a bromeliad, you may be lucky enough to find a Poison Dart Frog. They are brightly colored, and are beautiful, but their skin is toxic, protecting them from all predators. Another poisonous organism of the rain forest is the Monarch Butterfly. If you looked above you into the sky, you might see a Harpy Eagle soaring through the air. Harpy Eagles have huge wingspans, and very few animals are not preyed upon by this bird. The rain forest is filled with different species. It has so many kinds of animals, it really is astounding.

Geographer

CLIMATE AND WEATHER OF THE TROPICAL RAIN FOREST

The tropical rain forest is warm and hot all throughout the year. Since it rains 80-400 inches annually it is very moist and wet. It gets a lot of sunshine year round as well, due to the fact that most are close in the proximity of the equator. One of the best times to go to the tropical rain forest is in February, because that is the time when there is the least amount of precipitation, which is 130 mm. Although, that time of the year is a little less warmer than the other months.

Frequently Asked Questions

What kinds of activities could people do in this location?

Jungle Trekking

Motorized Canoe Tours Up the River
Piranha Fishing
Amazonian Fisherman Excursion
Alligator Spotting Guided Night Tour
Visit to Amazonian Village
Sunrise Cultural Tour


What kinds of plants and animals live there? What are its abiotic factors?
The amazon contains animals that vary from the anaconda, which is the biggest snake in the world, all the way to the zorro, which is a small doglike animal found in southern america rainforests.

Many different plants live there, such as trees, bushes, flowers (ex. orchids), ferns, vines, epiphytes, carnivorous plants, and bromeliads. They all have special adaptations to live in this environment, like buttresses, leaves with drip tips, thin bark, prop and stilt roots, and smooth bark.

Some abiotic factors are the wet climate, lack of sunlight on the forest floor, the plentiful amount of sunlight year round on the tree tops, and the thin, moist soil. Most plants do not get nutrients from the soil, but from the decomposing plants on the soil. Others include the fact that it normally is no more than 93 degrees fahrenheit or below 68 degrees fahrenheit.

The flora and fauna of this biome work together. Epiphytes grow on trees larger than themselves. Certain animals, like the hummingbird, depend on flowers for their nectar, and in return, pollinate the plants. Other animals, like the Toucan, eat fruit, and spread the seeds of the fruit when they make waste.


What kind of clothes should they bring?
Shorts, half t-shirts, a light jacket, anything you wear when it is summer time.

What traveling gear and supplies are needed to make the trip more enjoyable?
Umbrella, in case it rains.

What's the weather like?
The weather in the Amazon is hot all throughout the year. It is also very humid since it rains a lot. It’s very moist and wet.

What is the average precipitation and temperature?
80-400 inches of rain per year. About 80.7 degrees Fahrenheit annually.

What is the best time of year to travel there?
If you want to go the the Amazon when there is the least amount of precipitation then you should go in February, because at that time of month the rainforest only gets about 130 mm. Although that time of the year is a little less warmer than the other months.

What part of the world will they be travelling to?
The Amazons in Brazil


Are there any dangerous elements to traveling there?
Not really.


What are some threats to this biome?
The rainforest faces deforestation and plant and animal disease. It also must deal with global warming.


Why is this biome globally important?

This biome lots most of the world’s oxygen, because of all the plants. It also provides us with foods and medicines. Some of the foods include: chocolate, sweet potatoes, coconuts, rice, tomatoes, corn, peppers, coffee, and many types of beans.


Amazon Exclusive Offer!

Friday, May 31st 2013 at 1pm to Friday, June 7th 2013 at 3pm

Amazonas, Almeirim, Brazil

Supplies Needed To Survive

These are some things to pack for an awesome trip!


  • bug spray
  • tanktop
  • shorts
  • mudboots
  • safari hat
  • water bottle
  • camera
  • backpack
  • a sandwich
  • binoculars
  • flashlight
  • sunblock


For more info on weather that week, contact Prayusha Pandey. We expect you to pack accordingly because we won't supply extras.

What will my day look like?

May 31st- You get to break into your new home (hotel suite) for the next week. Relax from the long trip, freshen up, have a fancy dinner, and whatever you please.


Jungle Trekking

Day's Schedule:


6:00 a.m. Wake Up

7:00 a.m. Complimentary Breakfast

8:00 a.m. Load Buses to the Forest

8:30 a.m. Drop off at the Amazons

8:45 a.m. Your tour begins

9:00 a.m.-12:00 p.m. You get to explore the flora aka plant life of the forest. You get to discover lots of different species of plants. Go to your botanist director, Katie, for more info.

12:00 p.m.-1:00 p.m. Lunch Hour

1:00 p.m.-4:00 p.m. Now you get to explore the fauna aka animal life of the forest. Be careful, there are many predators in the forest. If you want more info, contact Lacey, the zoologist.

4:15 p.m. Load Buses to head back to hotel

4:30 p.m.-7:30 p.m. Free Time

7:30 p.m.-9:00 p.m. Dinner is served in the restaurant in the lobby

Have a good night's rest and get ready for the next day


June 7th- We hope you had fun. As your last day, you get this day to pack up, have a lunch, and last minute trips to the souvenir shop. Thank your directors and enjoy returning to your home.

Not satisfied enough? Want more? Don't worry, we have just the thing!

If you want something to do during you free time from 4:30-7:30 p.m. our hotel has a couple of options. There is enough to do each one for every day you're there (not including arrival and departing dates).


  • Motorized Canoe Tours Up the River
  • Piranha Fishing
  • Amazonian Fisherman Excursion
  • Alligator Spotting Guided Night Tour
  • Visit to Amazonian Village
  • Sunrise Cultural Tour


Sign up now and you can get the ultimate sale on your prices!

Need More Info? Contact us!

Katie Austin- Botany Director. Contact me for questions about plants.

Lacey Jones- Zoology Director. Contact me for questions about animals.

Prayusha Pandey- Weather Reporter. Contact me to pack your bags efficiently for your trip.

Chini Lahoti- Agent with all the deals and offers. Contact me for package.

Bibliography


"Amazon Rainforest Animals." : Amazon. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2013. <http://amazonrainforestanimalsfacts.blogspot.com/search/label/Amazon>.


"Amazon Rainforest Climate..." AMAZON RAINFOREST CLIMATE. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2013. <http://www.unique-southamerica-travel-experience.com/amazon-rainforest-climate.html>.


"Missouri Botanical Garden." MBG Exploring the Tropics Page1. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2013. <http://www.mobot.org/education/tropics/welcome.html>.


"PASSPORT TO THE RAINFOREST." PASSPORT TO THE RAINFOREST. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2013. <http://passporttoknowledge.com/rainforest/main.html>.


"Plants of the Tropical Rainforests." Plants of the Tropical Rainforests. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2013. <http://www.kidcyber.com.au/topics/biomerainfor3.htm>.


"Rainforest Education." Website. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2013. <http://www.rainforesteducation.com/>.


":::: What's It Like Where You Live? ::::." :::: What's It Like Where You Live? ::::. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2013. <http://www.mbgnet.net/sets/rforest/index.htm>.