Carbon

Christian Steffen Block 1

Introduction

Carbon is very widely distributed. It can be found plentifully in the sun, stars, and atmospheres of most planets. Carbon is naturally found as a solid, in the forms of diamond and graphite as an example. Carbon has 6 protons and 6 neutrons which makes it a relatively nonreactive element. C-12 and C-13 are the only isotopes. Carbon Monoxide, a poisonous gas, and Carbon Dioxide, the gas we exhale are common compounds of carbon. Carbon was discovered near the end of the eighteenth century and the discovery was credited to four french chemists.

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Carbon is a very exciting element. It is the most diverse element there is in the periodic table of known elements. More than 10,000,000 compounds of carbon are known including the most commonly known poisonous gas, carbon monoxide, and the air we exhale, carbon dioxide. Carbon is moderately reactive, although it is located near the noble gases on the periodic table, it has many compounds. Carbon can be found abundantly in many forms, graphite is one of them. A rarer form of carbon would be diamonds. It would be extremely useful to obtain as diamond is extremely valuable. All in all, of all the elements to obtain, carbon would be a great choice.