Gateway Digital Project

By: Ashtyn Barton

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Ancient Egypt fact 1

1. The Nile River is like the Ancient Egyptians main road. Everyone who travels long distances using boats travels through the Nile.
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Ancient Egypt fact 2

Ancient Egyptians sometimes rode on bulls pulling wagons or oxen pulling wagons. Bulls and oxen were used only for trading and rarely short to medium distance (5 to 20 miles).
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Ancient Egypt fact 3

If Ancient Egyptians were traveling very long distances, especially across deserts, they would use camels. Camels were a great source of transportation because they could carry 20 pound bags and sometimes even two humans, and could still go weeks without food or water! Camels are sometimes known or referred to as ships of the desert because when they would walk, they sway from side to side, like a ship on the water.
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Ancient Egypt fact 4

Another source of transportation for Ancient Egyptians was ferries. Ferries are a lot like boats except ferries were accelerated by paddles and boats were accelerated by wind. Ferries still have a sail just in case, but they mainly used paddles made of carved wood and sometimes even papyrus.
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Ancient Egypt fact 5

Pharaohs or other very important people were carried places in litters. Litters are seats with arm rails and a smooth and comfortable bottom that an important person sits in and then 4 slaves lift the litter onto their shoulder and carry the important person places. If there was a festival or party or something, the pharaoh would be carried to the parade on a litter.
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Ancient Egypt fact 6

Another way Ancient Egyptians got around was by making rafts. Rafts were made of papyrus sewed tightly together. They used papyrus because reeds were not available. Reeds are a lot like papyrus, but reeds are rare. Egyptians used paddles made of papyrus to propel themselves, and they used rafts mostly to get across the Nile. Rafts were used for just about any type of distance, but the most popular was short distance.
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Ancient Egypt fact 7

Another source of transportation that Ancient Egyptians used to get around was donkeys, or mules. Donkeys were used for short distance, mainly just to go into town. They were used to travel short distance because they could carry pretty heavy loads, but couldn't walk very far. Donkeys were a lot more popular than horses because donkeys were a lot cheaper. Donkeys, mules, and horses were known as beasts of burden because they were tall and strong.
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Ancient Egypt fact 8

Egyptians started really interacting and using horses around 1700 B.C. As soon as horses became popular, the pharaoh, Semitic Hyksos, reserved horses for military use only. The Ancient Egyptians were mad, but since he was a pharaoh no one could deny him. The pharaoh also started using horses and chariots for war. When two horses were hooked up to a chariot (which weighs 17 pound) pulling a human, the horses could still pull the people over 20 miles per hour. The chariots enabled Egyptians to expand their empire and their army.
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Ancient Egypt fact 9

The Barides formed one type of main naval ship. Ships called Kerkuros were used for both army and trade, while a smaller type of ships, Lembos, was used to flank the enemy so the Kerkuros could kill the other enemy ships.
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Ancient Egypt fact 10

Camels were not introduced to Egypt until around 200 B.C. Until then, donkeys took the place of camels. Donkeys went out into the desert to collect gold, ebony, ivory, rare stones for statues, panther skins, and incense.
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Ancient China fact 1

People in Ancient China used to travel around in horses and carriages. They used horses and carriages because horses and carriages could go medium distances and they could pull an entire family and some extra supplies like food, shelter, and water.
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Ancient China fact 2

Another popular source of transportations for people in Ancient China was ox carts. Ox carts were a good use of transportation because they were very strong and they could pull people and a ton of trading goods. Ox carts were what common traders rode on, and they were also used for freight.
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Ancient China fact 3

Horse carriages were also used sometimes for the military. They were used in the military because they could go fast and you could put somewhat of a wall and could block arrows and other things. Horse carriages were also used by important people.
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Ancient China fact 4

Animal carts were also very often used in Ancient China. Animal carts are any type of animal pulling a cart that a person sits on. They are used just for short distance, and they were used just so people didn't have to walk, they could go faster without trying. Animal carts had wooden boards on all sides for protecting the rider, and they usually were made with a canopy on top to keep the sun, snow, or rain out of the rider's eyes.
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Ancient China fact 5

Animal carts were also used for carrying thieves or criminals to go to prison. If the animal carts were carrying criminals or thieves going to prison, there would be no seat, walls, or canopy so the only way the prisoner was secured was by ropes tied to the bottom of the cart. Later on, they put walls around the criminals because spectators would throw things at the prisoner. If an important person was riding, there was a canopy, walls, and a seat.
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Ancient China fact 6

The rickshaw became very popular around very early times. In fact, as soon as the wheel was created in Ancient China, the rickshaw was one of the first to be made. A rickshaw is a cart that two people ride in and they are pulled by either a person running or a person on a bike (which only came when the bicycle was created).
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Ancient China fact 7

More about the bicycle, the bicycle was created as soon as the wheel was created. Of course, Ancient China bicycles were obviously not as advanced as the ones today. They did not have gears, brakes, or even seats. They had to ride standing up. As soon as the bicycle was created, people started using them a lot more. They were used mainly for going to a friends house a mile down the road or something, but they were still very popular. Also, although it's hard to believe, ancient bicycles were made with square wheels.
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Ancient China fact 8

Of course, waterways and boats were very popular in ancient times. The pearl river delta was the "Nile river" of China. The pearl river delta was used to travel long distances on boats .
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Ancient China fact 9

The Pearl River Delta was filled with boats, from barges, sampans, and small fishing boats.
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Ancient China fact 10

Ships were used for many different purposes. They were used for fishing. Fishermen would catch fish and then would either bring them home to share with their family, or they could sell them for money if they had enough food but not enough money. Ships were very rarely used for short distance. They were also used for trading with other cities or maybe even other countries. Sometimes, ships were used plainly for traveling to see the big world. The last purpose for ships was war. The Chinese army had a very wide variety of ships. Some ships were used for quick, weak attacks, but other ships were used for big attacks and were very slow.
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