Cell Organelles

Vocabulary

Cell membrane

Function

  • The cell membrane holds the cell together.
Description


  • It looks like a bag with tiny holes poked in it.
  • It is found in both pant and animal cells.

Cell wall

Function
  • It protects the cell membrane.
Description
  • It is made of a protein called cellulose, and surrounds the cell membrane.
  • It is found in plant cells.

Cytoplasm

Function


  • It is the fluid that fills the cell.
Description



  • It is fluid surrounding the organelles and filling the cell.
  • this is found in both plant and animal cells.

Nucleus

Function
  • It is the brain of the cell.
  • It controls eating, movement, and reproduction.

Description

  • it is a big dark spot centered in the cytoplasm.
  • It is found in both plant an animal cells.

Nuclear membrane

Function
  • It separates the neoplasm from the cytoplasm.

Description

  • Lipid bi layer perforated with holes.
  • It is found in both plant and animal cells.

Nucleolus

Function
  • It is the brain of the cell that controls eating, movement, and reproduction.

Description

  • It is the big ark spot in the middle of the cytoplasm.
  • It is found in both plant and animal cells.
  • It is found in the center of the nucleus.

Centrioles

Function
  • It helps the cell divide/reproduce.

Description

  • It is a small set of microtubules arranged in a specific way.
  • They are only found inside the animal cell.

Chromatin

Function
  • Carries information to help the cells grow, thrive, and reproduce.
Description
  • Uncoiled, loose strands of chromosomes.
  • They are only found in plant cells.
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Ribosomes

Function
  • It builds the protein for the cell.
Description
  • It has two ribosome sub units.
  • they are found in animal cells.
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Golgi apparatus

Function
  • It is a packaging organelle of the cell.
Description
  • It is found in both plant and animal cells.

Endoplasmic recticulum

Function


  • It is the manufacturing and packing system.


Description


  • It is a network of membranes found throughout the cell.
  • They are found in both plant and animal cells.

Mitochondria

Function
  • It is the powerhouse that takes the nutrients and breaks them down to create the cell's energy.
Description


  • They can be found in both plant and animal cells.

Chloroplast

Function
  • It produces food for the cell.
Description


  • Can only be found in plant cells.

Lysosomes

Function
  • They digest the nutrients, food, or dead cells.
Description

  • They can be found in both plat and animal cells.

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Peroxisomes

Function


  • They break down the toxins in the cell.


Description


  • Small vesicles that are found all around the cell.
  • They can be found in both types of cells.
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Vacuole

Function


  • It stores the food, waste, or any nutrients found in the cell.


Description


  • It is a membrane that surrounds a mass of fluid.
  • They can be found in the plant cell.
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Cytoskeleton

Function



  • It is responsible for the cell shape, movement, as well as the cell's internal organization.


Description



  • it is the cells internal framework composed of protein filament and micro tubes.
  • It can be found in both types of cells.
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