EQ:Should We Leave It Or Keep It? By: Chloe Lunceford
- Reproductive Cloning is the process of taking skin cells from an organism and fusing it with an unfertilized egg and implanting the embryo into a surrogate mother.
- Cloning began millions of years ago with a farming technique called “cutting”,
- a frog was cloned in 1952 by scientists, using a technique that is still used today
- In 1996, a sheep was cloned and is the first successful clone
- Dolly developed arthritis and lung cancer
- Dolly was put down in February 2003 due to the diseases
- Reproductive cloning can be used to save endangered animals from extinction like the giant pandas.
- allows us to clone a livestock animal that has superior genetics and make them produce faster, like if a cow can produce quality milk, a farmer can clone the cow to get more live stock with the quality milk gene
- help make pharmaceutical drugs like insulin
- allow us to directly experiment on cloned genes when it is unsafe to directly experiment on humans
- help further our understanding of history and science, ex: woolly mammoth
- Some clones die prematurely from an infection or from an abnormality like an extra leg, like the baby bull guar
- Cloning might be cruel since few clones ever survive and most develop diseases and age faster, ex: Dolly the cloned sheep
- Having different genetics can help species survive, example a herd of cows were cloned from a cow that produced quality milk, and an outbreak of a disease occurred
- Cloning is expensive and has a very low success rate
- Cloning could be misused to clone humans
- Should we ban reproductive cloning or should we let it stay? Yes, it is a very useful resource
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Nüsslein-Volhard, Christiane. "Research Cloning Should Be Allowed but Not Reproductive Cloning." Cloning. Ed. Jacqueline Langwith. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2012. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "Manipulating the Human Embryo." USA Today Jan. 2011: 30-33. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 11 Dec. 2014.
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"Reproductive Cloning." Genetics and Genetic Engineering. Barbara Wexler. 2011 Ed. Detroit: Gale, 2011. Information Plus Reference Series. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 4 Dec. 2014.