The Collapse Of Rwanda
By Richard Magnus
Background of Rwanda
In Rwanda, there are two ethnicities, the Tutsi’s and the Hutus, at the time of the genocide a Hutu was in office and Tutsi people were often blamed for the countries problems. All of this tension led to disaster,The genocide was sparked by the death of the Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu, when his plane was shot down above Kigali airport on 6 April 1994.
At the same time, Tutsi refugees in Uganda - supported by some moderate Hutus - were forming the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), led by Mr Kagame. Their aim was to overthrow Habyarimana and secure their right to return to their homeland.
Habyarimana chose to exploit this threat as a way to bring dissident Hutus back to his side, and Tutsis inside Rwanda were accused of being RPF collaborators.
In August 1993, after several attacks and months of negotiation, a peace accord was signed between Habyarimana and the RPF, but it did little to stop the continued unrest.
In Kigali, the presidential guard immediately initiated a campaign of retribution. Leaders of the political opposition were murdered, and almost immediately, the slaughter of Tutsis and moderate Hutus began.Within hours, recruits were dispatched all over the country to carry out a wave of slaughter. When the Genocide was stopped, the Hutu killers fled to Congo, and the Tutsi people were no longer being slaughtered by the Hutu’s.
2.Collapse of Government- The Aftermath
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