The process of Distillation
The process is expressed by first boiling a solution with either the solute or solvent having a lower boiling temperature. The solution is placed in a container where it is boiled to the solute/solvents boiling point. The boiled solute/solvent will be placed through a piece of equipment called a condenser, which, true to its name, condenses the gas of the solute/solvent, which is then slowly dripped into a beaker and tested.
The steps involved
1) Follow a diagram. Mostly, if I try and describe it, it ends up badly, but I'll attempt it. A flask (preferably a round flask) should be filled with the solution should be held in a bosshead and clamp with a thermometer not touching the glass but in the clamp should be in the solution/suspension. A condenser should be connected to the flask, with cold water pumping in and out. At the end, there should be a container of some sort to catch the distillate.
2) With that all sorted, make sure the boiling points of the chemicals in the solvent are very far apart to make sure of the solution as a whole doesn't evaporate.
3) Keeping the temperature right, boil of the excess and make sure to drip it all into the container. This will be around 90% pure.
OK, next thing coming up.
What is the end product?
Why do we do it?
Distillation VS Solar Distillation
The main difference is that the water in solar distillation does not need to reach boiling point. It slowly evaporate, and it may take hours or days to complete. Distillation, on the other hand, can take as little as minutes or seconds. That is the main difference.